Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) is one of the most widespread, and yet, the least recognised of human rights violations across the world. Manifest in many forms, the most common form experienced by women globally is physical violence inflicted by an intimate partner. Documenting this continues to be a challenge due to lack of reliable, timely datasets. In 2005, the government of India enacted the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA) that came into force in 2006. Nine years hence, progress in its implementation is insignificant as it remains plagued by challenges. Addressing these would go a long way in strengthening the Act and making it effective. This also corresponds with the Indian government’s wholehearted commitment to ‘Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls’ by year 2030 with its adopting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).