adithi

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Tribals

Project Period

01 Apr 2014 - 31 Mar 2015

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Introduction

Sitamarhi is one of the most backward districts in Bihar. The region is highly prone to flood, fire, cold wave and earthquake, making growth in the region quite difficult. Among these natural disasters, flood and fire are recurrent phenomena and thereby considered as major issues in the district. Such disasters directly hit poor and marginalized population who are, in any case, most vulnerable.

Bajpatti where the project is going to be implemented is highly prone to flood. Previously the flood water did not cause so much of loss as it spread out in entire area and also receded back fast. In the year 1987 an embankment was constructed and in due course of time people also started settlement near the embankment. After the construction of the embankment the flood water did not get a chance to spread out in the area and as a result thee is standing water for a much longer duration. This increased the suffering and loss due to flood water.

Impact by partner
  • Adithi is working to enhance capacities of community and their institutions to with stand risk related to disaster through improved community level preparedness and adoptive measures. Committee level committee (Gram Sahyog Samitee (GSS) have been strengthened in all the 15 villages. Different village level developmental activities had been done by the GSS & community members. Women and men from all tolas participated in all developmental work. Participation of women has increased. A large participation of women in every village institution was appreciable at every platform. Ward members, Mukhiya, Sarpanch, Aganwari workers, ASHA had been actively participating in the meetings. Different issues related to village development addressed and action taken by them. Supervision of schools and water bodies has been done by the committee. The community is gradually becoming aware about their rights within the major government flagship schemes. RTI also filed by them. The different sub groups within the Gram Sahyog Samiti i.e. Swasthya Dal, Aapda Niwaran Dal etc. has been nurtured and capacitated on related thematic issues. These training programmes resulted into better preparedness to deal with emergency situations.
  • Community Contingency Plan (CCP) prepared and revised in all 15 villages by GSS members. This year agriculture related exercise was also included. They have helped in identification and enlisting of resources. GSS members have developed an understanding on evacuation routes, role of Disaster management committee (DMC) and acquired necessary skills for the function of teams within CCP. The village map developed with the help of PRA technique has identified the places and resources that can be used during the emergency.
  • Under WASH activity Gram Swasthya Committee (GSC) has been created in 15 villages where members have been sensitized on the issue of prevention and treatment of water and vector borne diseases like Diarrhea, Malaria, Dysentery, Kalaazar etc. Communities through GSS- are being sensitized on managing public health risks and reducing health hazard trends. Awareness camps have been organised in 15 villages on hand wash, safe drinking water, water handling practices. Fifteen project villages Swath Dal have trained on hand pumps repairing and they repaired 6 hand pumps which been installed at strategic places to provide safe drinking water to all vulnerable people in times of flood.

Case Study

Sobha Devi, a landless daily labor lives at Korihai village (Bajpatti Block, Sitamarhi, Bihar) with her husband and two sons. Her hut is the only asset that she owns. She used to work as daily labor and get 4 Kg of grain which was insufficient to feed her family. There were days that they used to spend with one or no meal. Sometimes, they used to get snail in their dinner. She also mentioned that they did not have good/enough cloth to wear.

She started attending monthly meetings of farmers club. It increased her knowledge on farming, livestock and other livelihoods including different schemes available at the block office.

She was selected as a member of farmer’s club in Aam Sabha in 2012. She was very regular in monthly meetings where she got to know about different government schemes and services. She joined the self help group that was initiated under the project. Gradually, she started she started diversifying her livelihood in sharing cropping, livestock, staring petty trade (selling bangles etc.) along with daily wage earning activities. She was also able to get grains under Public Distribution System. Her self help group was linked with NABARD and they got a loan thereafter. She took a loan (from the SHG) of Rs. 5000/- and started her petty trade. She also started share cropping through SRI method. All these increased her income and she bought 2 buffalos and 2 goats with her savings. She has also started saving Rs. 100/ in the account of the farmers club.

She has been accepted by the community as progressive leader. Her leadership and knowledge did not only help her but the whole community to raise their voice and avail different schemes.