01 Feb 2016 - 31 Jan 2017
01 Feb 2016 - 31 Jan 2017
Jharkhand was created on 15th November 2000. This state is very rich in natural resources like forests, minor forest produces, minerals etc but people of the state, mainly tribal people, are still hand to mouth. Last eleven years of separation of Jharkhand is yet to yield desired results for the poor.
The number of tribal communities who live in Jharkhand is 32 whose total population is 7087068 (26.3%) out of total population 26945829 (Ref: Census 2001). 94% of tribal population are living in the rural areas and only 6% of them are living in the urban areas of Jharkhand (Ref-1991 census). The total population of scheduled caste in the state is 3189320 (11.8% of total population).
The concentration of tribal population in proposed Khunti districts is very high. The condition of STs and SCs is not very good and they are still struggling for their basic rights and dignified life. They are excluded from main stream of development paradigm and basic facilities required for dignified life which perpetuate their problems and ultimately their exclusion continued in-spite of many efforts.
Literacy rate in Jharkhand is 67.63% in general out of which female literacy rate is 56.21% where as male literacy rate is 78.45% (Ref census: 2011) but that among the tribal people, especially among the tribal women, is very low (10% approx.) in the proposed district. Male female ratio is 947 (census: 2011) which is little higher than national ratio (933). Child mortality rate in Jharkhand is 52, which is higher than other developed Indian states.
Khunti district is mainly dominated by Munda tribes who have being exploited for long and forced to live in isolation. Khunti district is one of the educationally backward district and the major inhabitants are Munda tribes who have been excluded from education system for long, hence the low rate of literacy amongst them.
Life Education and Development Support (LEADS) is a trust established by a committed group of professional on 14th Dec 2004 for development and empowerment of poor and unorganized people of rural area and urban slums. LEADS is also committed to provide promotional services like training on various issues and participatory approach of development, consultancy, monitoring and evaluation in behalf of resource agencies to development sector. The organization was formally registered on 14th Dec 2005 to give more focus on realization of its vision. LEADS is focusing on empowerment of STs, women and development of children besides scheduled caste, other backward caste and marginalized community of society. The organization was focusing on issues like: Livelihood promotion, Educating children and ensuring their fundamental rights, promoting local self governance, agricultural practices, natural resources promotion etc during its initial period of intervention through local contribution and later on support from donor agencies. The organization is committed to realizing following vision and mission in its referral community.
LEADS is working in more than 100 villages of Khunti district, 40 villages in Bandgaon block of West Singhbhum district and 113 villages in Mahuadanr block of Latehar district. These are the most backward districts of the state and falls under 200 most backward districts of India. In addition, LEADS is also working in urban slums of Ranchi district. Lobby and advocacy is taken up across the state through network interventions.
The project takes a Rights Based approach for empowering the community/civil society and promotes state level lobby and advocacy for effective implementation of RTE.
Oxfam India along with its partner initiated the process of strengthening the civil society movement towards realizing the right to education. We have so far –
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“Earlier, we did not give much importance to the education of kids. In our village, engaging the kids in labor work was in practice. Now our kids are regularly going to the school. It may not guarantee them a job but at least their knowledge will broaden…”- Savitri Devi, SMC member of Sundari Middle School
Case Studies/Human stories:
LEADS is working in 10 villages of Torpa block under OXFAM supported project. There are 14 schools in these 10 villages which come under two panchayats, Sundari and Jaria. Rungrutoli is one of the intervention villages in this project. This village is around 13 Kilometres from the block HQ Torpa. There is a Middle school in this village where 3 teachers are placed. Continued intervention of LEADS since last few years have resulted in awareness of SMC, PRI and community members on RTE act and its entitlements. SMC is performing its duties and meetings of the management committee are happening regularly. The SMC members and teachers are having a good coordination and together they are contributing for the proper functioning of school. Bal Sansad is in place and field facilitators regularly take part in the Bal Sansad meetings. The Bal sansad members are regularly planning their activities so as to contribute in the development of school. The regularity of children attending the school is also discussed in the meetings. After the identification of irregular children, the Bal Sansad members are making efforts for regularizing these kids back to school. The members of Bal Sansad of Sosotoli also took active part in the “School Chalein Chalayen abhiyan” and regularized drop out kids to school during the campaign.
A child of class 5 of Rungrutoli School was not coming to school for quite a long time. The members of Bal Sansad took notice of this and discussed the issue in their monthly meeting. Accordingly, action plan to bring that child back to school was designed. The Bal Sansad gave its 3 members, the responsibility to visit the child’s house. On the next day, these three kids visited the house of that child, which is in the adjoining Sargela village. They met with his parents there and told them about the importance of education, and good teaching they are getting in the school. They tried to convince his guardian that by not attending the school their ward is missing an opportunity to be educated. The parents understood the need and got ready to send their ward to School. The same day, that kid was taken back to school by the Bal Sansad members. On reaching the school, students of Sosotoli gave a warm welcome to the child. Thus the initiative taken by the Bal Sansad to regularize that drop out kid was successful. Now the kid is coming to the school regularly.