Project Theme

Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change

Target Group


Project Period

01 Apr 2016 - 31 Mar 2017

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Odisha is a part of the eastern region of India. It is the one of the tribal dominated states of the country. The state has 22 percent of tribal population and out of 635 tribal communities in India, 62 are found in Odisha and 13 are particularly vulnerable tribal groups (PVTG). The state has the third largest concentration of tribal population comprising 9.66 percent of the total tribal population of our country. Poverty concertation is high in the tribal districts of the state. Though the poverty rate in the state has been declined by 20.2 percent from 57.2 percent in 2004-05 to 37 percent in 2009-10, it is still at 70 percent for the tribals. Ironically, the acute poverty habitations are in the tribal dominated districts of Odisha. These districts have a strong resource base and occupy prominent position in the Natural Resource map in the country. The State, as well as the country, benefits highly by earning a huge revenue into the state exchequer. In turn, these communities suffer from lack of sustainable livelihood opportunities leading to high poverty and malnutrition.  Depletion of forest coverage and sustained income from Non-Timber Forest Produce as well as land alienation by the external stakeholders take place in the area which makes these groups multiple vulnerable in their socio-economic life pattern. It is realized that low standard of living of these agriculture and forest dependent tribal groups limits to have rights based dialogue with the external stakeholders.


About the Project: 

Intervention on “Economic Empowerment of Tribal Women Farmer through Vegetable Cultivation in Malkangiri District of Odisha” was initiated during April 2015. The intervention focused on creating systematic supply chain of vegetable products in the project area. The main aims of the project are to:

  • encourage the tribal women to undertake vegetable cultivation in their backyard and cultivable common lands; 
  • organise them into producers groups; building their skills and capacities on how to increase in vegetable production, market and entrepreneurship development; 
  • facilitate these producers groups to access inputs and institutional credit support for vegetable production; and 
  • establish linkages with the mainstream institutions for institutional market networks dealing with vegetables and farm products.


Results to be Achieved: 

  • Tribal women will have their skills to prepare the business plan, negotiate with the market players to enhance the income of the households;
  • Greater accessibility towards the inputs and extension services for the tribal households in the project location- all the target households would have got the benefits from the government provisioned farm based schemes;
  • Increased direct contact of the women primary producers with the urban based market outlets/representatives;
  • Greater capacity and skills of the primary producers to negotiate with the large market players;
  • Clear, profitable. Farm based income generation model established for wider replication by the government in other tribal areas 


Prior Achievements:

  • A baseline study was conducted over 1000 households of 20 villages, report prepared and the findings were shared with the community and other stakeholders.
  • 20 women tribal vegetable grower producer groups were formed and so far 107 group meetings were organized.
  • 6 variety of vegetable were selected (Papaya, Drumstick, Tomato, Brinjal, Pumpkin, Beans) in participatory manner and 4nos of cluster specific business plan prepared and shared with community 
  • 300 women farmers were provided with perennial plants like Papaya, Mango and Lemon.
  • Local and high-yielding varieties of vegetable seeds, seedlings and organic manure with technical support were provided to 20 villages covering 300 families during rainy season, covering 27acre of land and during another 357 during winter over 4acres. During summer 5 community farming field established in 5 villages and 79 women farmers cultivated in their own land covering 18acre of land. 
  • During 1st phase of capacity building 200 women farmers were covered and equipped with production enhancement techniques and leadership development in all 20 villages in 9 batches 
  • 200 women farmers were trained for 2nd phase of training on production enhancement techniques, business plan preparation, producer group management and leadership development and regular follow ups were made.


Quotes of Beneficiaries: 

‘I could earn more income due to Oxfam India’s work’


Case Studies/Human stories: 

Smt. Muke Padiami, W/o.Bira is of the progressive farmer aged about 27 years residing in village Kamwada village, Kamwada GP under Korukonda Block of Malkangiri District. Basically they are farmers with 10000 to 15000 annual income. She lives in  a nuclear family with her husband, one boy child and 2 girl children. 

They have only 1 acre of farm land for cultivation but it is upland one with no irrigation facility, they only prefer paddy during rain, it produces no enough food for survival, so they prefer daily wage practices. They also have 0.25 acre of backyard land. Earlier they only put wild leafy vegetable in their backyard, it was also not sufficient.

Muke Padiami became part of the producer group during May 2015. She was trained on production enhancement techniques provided through the project activity. She converted her garden in to a planned and diversified model garden and planted Brinjal, Tomatoes, Chilli, Leafy vegetable, bitter gourd etc, with technical and input support from PRASTUTEE. She earned about Rs.12000/- by selling produce from the given land after consumption of value about Rs.4000/-.

Now during summer she has taken another 0.6 acre of land from other villagers and cultivating vegetables such as pumpkin, bitter gourd, beans, tomatoes, chilli, cucumber and onion. She expects another 20000 income from the garden in next season. 

She is very happy being one of the producer group members that made her one successful farmer.