Shohratgarh Environmental Society (SES)

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017

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Introduction

The Disaster Management Act (2005) came into effect from December’2005. The Disaster Management Policy also developed and came into effected 2009. But still the state does not have own disaster management policy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the biggest and multi-hazard states in India. The total geographical area is 240.93 lakh hectares. Recurring natural disasters in the State over the years have been causing severe damage and adversely affecting human, plant and animal life, property and environment. Approx. 27 lakh hectares affected annually due to Floods, annual estimated loss due to floods is Rs. 432 crores. The north eastern Zone is under (earthquake) seismic zone-IV. Total 51.9% population having access to drinking water and 29.8% population having toilet facilities in rural area. The open defecation significantly impacted on water borne diseases especially in flood prone, water logged areas. Now a day the flood prone districts are facing Japanese encephalitis, Malaria, diarriah as reported by district hospitals. The state is more interested on relief than disaster risk reduction programme. Uttar Pradesh lags behind on disaster preparedness and engagement community in planning process also mainstreaming on DRR into development issues.

 

About the Project:

The project will strengthen the resilience of communities through development of community institutions with broad participation, improved risk mitigation and emergency management, and building the capacities of communities, in particularly Dalits and socially excluded women, to manage shocks and stresses. The supply of safe drinking water, community sanitation and hygiene will be improved in the covered villages; The farmers will be trained on sustainable systems for livelihood that increase output and household incomes, develop resilience and adaptation to climate change also promote women’s role and enable communities to manage water and land resources sustainably. The vulnerable communities will be sensitized on community based disaster preparedness and hold governments accountable for the delivery of quality services including emergency services and risk mitigation; ensuring access for women and girls and other marginalized groups to the same; and working to ensure better access for the communities to the services of banks and financial institutions, research institutions etc. 

 

Results to be Achieved: 

  • 10 VDMC will be formed and strengthen on disaster preparedness.
  • 10 WASH committees will be formed and strengthen in Maharajganj, Gorakhpur and Siddharthnagar.
  • 10 Task force groups will be trained on basic treatment of livestock.
  • 25 selected farmers will be trained of climate resilient agriculture.
  • 4 tube-well with raised tube-well will be constructed for safe drinking water and demonstrate to government for replicate and more resource allocation and hand-pumps in flood prone areas.
  • 60 toilets will be raised with additional amount under SACHCH Bharat Scheme and demonstrate government for replication and additional budget for flood prone areas.

 

Prior Achievements:

  • Government has allocated a separate budget of Rs. 5 crores for disaster risk reduction programme and SDMA already allocated money to the respected districts.  But the districts do not have such any plan for execute for disaster risk reduction programme.
  • 25 new women farmers groups were promoted having over 407 women members and aware about their rights.
  •  8 FFS were developed as modal for community lead extension & dissemination system. 
  • There are 57 women farmers who have adopted line sowing method in pea cultivation. These farmers were inspired by FFS meeting included technique in all crops.
  • The most popular variety of wheat is PBW-343 in this area but FFS member have promoted a new variety HD-2967 through demonstration in last year 2014-15. The outcome of these varietal promotion 810 farmers adopted this variety in the project area.
  • Demonstration conducted for capacitating 641 farmers on CRA & SA practices.
  • 9 Seed bank were (4Last year & 5 Current years) established for enhanced access to seeds to 215 women farmers.
  • 7 support centers were (3Last year & 4 Current years) established for enhanced access to farm tools & implements to 681 women farmers.
  • 238 farmers have adopted sustainable & climate resilience agriculture practices and they increase their income 20 percent approx. 
  • 4 villages have developed their plan for mobilizing funds from various schemes.
  • 299 farmers have influenced block agriculture department and get seed, fertilizer, mango plants, herbicide, culture and total amount of Rs 331718/-

 

Quotes of Beneficiaries: 

“I want to read a lot and become a teacher. I love teaching children.”

 

Case Studies/Human stories: 

Sughra Devi lives in Khargwar Village of Shohratgarh Block. Her family has 15 members. There is pit nearby her house. She regularly started participating in meeting of Mahila Kisan Samiti (Group). She came to know about climate resilient agriculture practices. SES team has discussed about water caltrop cum fishery demonstration with group one day. They told that water caltrop is floating annual aquatic plants, growing in slow-moving water up to 5 meters deep. These are used as vegetable and also can be eaten boiled.  It is also used as flour. Water caltrop is generally used during fast and important festival in Indian culture. It is grown in ponds. Sughra was the first member who eagerly shown interest in this new kind of practice. She started cleaning of that pit. She sewed water caltrop along with seed of fish. After that Sughra Devi has taken that small pit (circumference of one acre) on rent for whole season. There were other crops in the pit which were routed before may other activity. There is no insecticide or fertilizer is used before sowing. The seed of water caltrop is not brought from outside. It is easily available in nearby ponds.  In one acre circumference crop, 30 Kg seed of caltrop is used. There are two variety of water caltrop. Chaupati variety is flat and thin. While mindhawa are thick and in circular size. Sughra Devi started harvesting from October to December. She has earned profit of Rs. 42950. The main object of this demonstration promotion of water conservation with sustainable livelihoods.