Purvanchal Garmin Vikas Sansthan (PGVS)

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017

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Introduction

The Disaster Management Act (2005) came into effect from December’2005. The Disaster Management Policy also developed and came into effected 2009. But still the state does not have own disaster management policy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the biggest and multi-hazard states in India. The total geographical area is 240.93 lakh hectares. Recurring natural disasters in the State over the years have been causing severe damage and adversely affecting human, plant and animal life, property and environment. Approx. 27 lakh hectares affected annually due to Floods, annual estimated loss due to floods is Rs. 432 crores. The north eastern Zone is under (earthquake) seismic zone-IV. Total 51.9% population having access to drinking water and 29.8% population having toilet facilities in rural area. The open defecation significantly impacted on water borne diseases especially in flood prone, water logged areas. Now a day the flood prone districts are facing Japanese encephalitis, Malaria, diarriah as reported by district hospitals. The state is more interested on relief than disaster risk reduction programme. Uttar Pradesh lags behind on disaster preparedness and engagement community in planning process also mainstreaming on DRR into development issues.

About the Project:

The project will strengthen the resilience of communities through development of community institutions with broad participation, improved risk mitigation and emergency management, and building the capacities of communities, in particularly Dalits and socially excluded women, to manage shocks and stresses. The supply of safe drinking water, community sanitation and hygiene will be improved in the covered villages; The community will be trained on early warning training and dissemination strategy during disaster situation. The vulnerable communities will be sensitized on community based disaster preparedness and hold governments accountable for the delivery of quality services including emergency services and risk mitigation; ensuring access for women and girls and other marginalized groups to the same; and working to ensure better access for the communities to the services of banks and financial institutions, research institutions etc.

 

Results to be Achieved: 

  • 10 VDMC will be formed and strengthen on disaster preparedness.
  • 10 WASH committees will be formed and strengthen in Maharajganj, Gorakhpur and Siddharthnagar.
  • 4 tube-well with raised tube-well will be constructed for safe drinking water and demonstrate to government for replicate and more resource allocation and hand-pumps in flood prone areas.
  • 10 toilets will be raised with additional amount under SACHCH Bharat Scheme and demonstrate government for replication and additional budget for flood prone areas.
  • At least 30% target villages will be resourced from the block for mitigate their identified risk.

 

Prior Achievements:

  • Government has allocated a separate budget of Rs. 5 crores for disaster risk reduction programme and SDMA already allocated money to the respected districts.  But the districts do not have such any plan for execute for disaster risk reduction programme.
  • 20 VDMP (village disaster management plan) were developed and share to block for resourcing in Siddharthnagar, Sant Kabirnagar, and Mahrajganj and Gorakhpur districts.
  • 30 toilets were constructed in Gorakhpur districts. . The most vulnerable household were benefited through this construction. The beneficiaries were selected by the community in their monthly meeting.
  • There were series of interface meeting with the block and district officials on disaster risk reduction issues. The Government has targeted to support toilet support under SWACHCH Bharat scheme. So the project team targeted the NRHM department for full utilization of schemes and ensure each household should benefited and reduced the water borne disease and reduce risk during flood situation.
  • 5 tube-well with raised platform have been constructed for provide safe drinking water to the target villages also demonstrate the Government to replicate in the flood prone areas.
  • Community based early warning system has been established in 20 villages and ensure any alert to each vulnerable household in the community.

 

Quotes of Beneficiaries:   

The Sentinels

Situated some 22 kilometers from Gorakhpur District office, Banjaraha appears to be any ordinary village. Around half a kilometer to its North West flow the Rapti River and on the east it is bordered by a 10 foot high embankment. Nestled between the Rapti and the embankment Banjaraha is helplessly misplaced and bears the first brunt of any flood.  ‘We used to listen to radio and television for flood related news,’ said Bindu Devi as she talked about those initial years. But the problem with radio and TV news was that it would only mention the amount of water released by the barrages. It did not say how high the water level would reach in specific villages. ‘We could not understand, by when that water would reach a threatening height and flood our village,’ she said. This method though helpful was not accurate as people could not precisely know in advance what the situation could be in the next few hours or days. A more effective method was to station someone somewhere at the border of Nepal, who could relay the condition live to the villages downstream, so that they could prepare in advance. PVGS played a pivotal role in making this a reality in 2011. It purchased machines which were connected by telephonic network to a water gauge station at Kusum in Nepal, situated more than 250 kilometres north of the village. The machines which included a receiver hub and an electronic display board were installed in the house of Jayprakash Nishad in Banjaraha. ‘We have several ways of sending the warning to the community,’ said Malti Devi. The first is a manual siren, which was given by PGVS. For the first warning it is played once and at the same time a white triangular flag is hoisted atop Jayprakash’s house to disseminate the news. When the water breaches 4.15 metres and enters the fields, the second warning is sounded in the village by playing the siren twice at an interval of 30 seconds and hoisting a double triangle yellow flag. At the same time warning messages are also sounded over megaphone, a device provided by PGVS. At 4.45 metres when water submerges the fields the final siren is played thrice at 30 seconds interval coupled with hoisting a triple triangle red coloured flag and megaphone messages asking people to vacate houses and rush to higher grounds. Agreed, the Disaster Project Officer at DDMA, ‘It is indeed a wonderful and effective system to disseminate early warning and save lives.’ But he paused for some time, reorganised his thoughts and added, ‘but it is only for that village. It needs to be scaled up and more advocacy works need to be done to encourage the government to adopt the process.’