01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
The Disaster Management Act (2005) came into effect from December’2005. The Disaster Management Policy also developed and came into effected 2009. But still the state does not have own disaster management policy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the biggest and multi-hazard states in India. The total geographical area is 240.93 lakh hectares. Recurring natural disasters in the State over the years have been causing severe damage and adversely affecting human, plant and animal life, property and environment. Approx. 27 lakh hectares affected annually due to Floods, annual estimated loss due to floods is Rs. 432 crores. The north eastern Zone is under (earthquake) seismic zone-IV. Total 51.9% population having access to drinking water and 29.8% population having toilet facilities in rural area. The open defecation significantly impacted on water borne diseases especially in flood prone, water logged areas. Now a day the flood prone districts are facing Japanese encephalitis, Malaria, diarriah as reported by district hospitals. The state is more interested on relief than disaster risk reduction programme. Uttar Pradesh lags behind on disaster preparedness and engagement community in planning process also mainstreaming on DRR into development issues.
About the Project:
The project will strengthen the resilience of communities through development of community institutions with broad participation, improved risk mitigation and emergency management, and building the capacities of communities, in particularly Dalits and socially excluded women, to manage shocks and stresses. The supply of safe drinking water, community sanitation and hygiene will be improved in the covered villages; The farmers will be trained on sustainable systems for livelihood that increase output and household incomes, develop resilience and adaptation to climate change also promote women’s role and enable communities to manage water and land resources sustainably. The vulnerable communities will be sensitized on community based disaster preparedness and hold governments accountable for the delivery of quality services including emergency services and risk mitigation; ensuring access for women and girls and other marginalized groups to the same; and working to ensure better access for the communities to the services of banks and financial institutions, research institutions etc.
Results to be Achieved:
•15 VDMC will be formed and strengthen on disaster preparedness.
•15 Task force group will be formed (Early warning, First-Aid, Search & Rescue, WASH & Shelter management)
•15 WASH committees will be formed and strengthen in Maharajganj, Gorakhpur and Siddharthnagar.
•15 PARAVET will be trained on basic treatment of livestock.
•45 selected farmers will be trained of climate resilient agriculture.
•16 tube-well with raised tube-well will be constructed for safe drinking water and demonstrate to government for replicate and more resource allocation and hand-pumps in flood prone areas.
•118 toilets will be raised with additional amount under SACHCH Bharat Scheme and demonstrate government for replication and additional budget for flood prone areas.
•20 VDMP (village disaster management plan) were developed and share to block for resourcing in Siddharthnagar, Sant Kabirnagar, Mahrajganj and Gorakhpur districts.
•9 operation villages are declared as ODF (open defecation free) by the districts.
•18 PARAVET were trained on veterinary treatment and artificial insemination (AI). Now they are providing services 180 villages in 3 districts. The diseases and death rates have also reduced nevertheless through artificial insemination livestock productions have increased. Even the PARAVET started the milk collection with a fair price from the community and selling the market. So community ensure their income and PARAVET are earning additional income through milk marketing in the local areas.
•70 toilets were constructed in 4 districts. . The most vulnerable household were benefited through this construction. The beneficiaries were selected by the community in their monthly meeting.
•There were series of interface meeting with the block and district officials on disaster risk reduction issues. The Government has targeted to support toilet support under SWACHCH Bharat scheme. So the project team targeted the NRHM department for full utilization of schemes and ensure each household should benefited and reduced the water borne disease and reduce risk during flood situation.
•Government has allocated a separate budget of Rs. 5 crores for disaster risk reduction programme and SDMA already allocated money to the respected districts. But the districts do not have such any plan for execute for disaster risk reduction programme. There were advocacy initiatives through interface meeting with the district to integrate the VDMP for convergence and utilise the allocated budget for risk reduction.
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
‘So we felt, if we had the knowledge, we could perhaps provide the service in the remote village,’ said para vet Rajman Prasad of Bachgangpur village
Case Studies/Human stories:
Barefoot Vet Docs
2009. In Brahmaputra Kuti village, a family was having trouble inseminating their buffalo. The owner of the buffalo, more or less a well to do man tried several veterinary doctors and methods but nothing succeeded. Concerned, the man was baffled and did not know what else to do. In this village lived Sambhulal, an ordinary Pashu Mitra. His work was to maintain liaison with the block office, make list of animals requiring vaccination and submit to block and provide incidental support to veterinary doctors. It was during that time his association with Grameen Development Services or GDS offered an opportunity for Sambhulal to attend a three month veterinary training in Allahabad. After three months when Sambhulal returned from his training, he kept his promise. The buffalo conceived and later the calf was sold for Rs. 40,000. ‘The family was so happy that they gifted me a mobile phone,’ said Sambhulal with a big smile. Today there are at least 15 such Sambhulal in the area, all with stories of success under their belt that brings about big smile on their faces. Long back in the year 2001 after a severe flood, GDS formed a group named Disaster Management Group. The group consisted birth attendants, boatmen, pashu mitra or para vets and several other skilled people who could serve the community during disaster. ‘The para vets played a very supportive role as they were not trained,’ said Asma Khan, a staff of GDS, ‘but they had basic education, could read names of medicines.’ GDS had arranged for them a 5 day basic training on animal immunization in 2007. Their primary role was to inform the vet doctors at the block office about the requirements in the villages. They prepared lists of animals in need of vaccination so that doctors could come and give the vaccination. In 2009 itself the para vets decided to create a formal group and formed a trust named Grameen Pashudhan Vikas Trust or GPVT. At present there are 15 members in the trust. Today these para vets offer services ranging from vaccination, to common treatment of diseases and artificial insemination. They pick up the vaccine from the block office at Rs. 2 per vaccine and charge Rs. 5 from the villager. GDS has supported each para vet with a cryocan, used to store semen at extremely low temperature. Every month the trust collectively purchases 1,000 straws containing semen from National Dairy Development Board, Rai Bareilly.