Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group


Project Period

01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017

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Sitamarhi is prone to multi-hazards, such as earthquake, flood, fire, cold wave, drought etc. Flood is the most common disaster which effect this district year after years and it effect the district more than one quarter of the year because of the group of rivers such as Bhagmati, Lakhandei, Adhwara group and many more and there Himalayan origin.

The target community in Bajpatti block is largely agrarian involving in rain fed agriculture. They have small land holdings of 0.5 to 1.5 acres. Majority of the small and landless farmers take land on lease or on the basis of share cropping from big landlords for cultivation and get very meager amount of yield due to erratic climate and rain fall. This land ownership structure combined with increasingly erratic rain fall and almost annual occurrence of floods situations (either heavy rain or severe drought), leads to food insecurity, money lending on high interest, migration and resultant poverty amongst the communities. As a part of intervention in order to secure their livelihoods, farmers group would be given various agricultural training. The training would be conducted in consultation with scientists from Agriculture Technology Management Agency and Krisi Vigyan Kendra. The local varieties such as Swarn Sub-1 and Boro Dhan which can be cultivated in inundated areas would be promoted through SRI technology. This would also include constant monitoring of progress with crops and involvement of farmers. The Farmers club from the project villages would be federated, institutionalized and effort would be made to link them with main stream government projects under ATMA KVK etc.


The Project: 

To make a larger impact, the project aims to strengthen community institutions, local self governance and sensitization of block and district level officials for effective preparedness and response measures. Community involvement and their engagement have been envisaged at all levels right from the planning process. Constitutions of village level committees at all levels with adequate representation of women in all committees and team would be ensured. Special training will be providing for women in first aid, water and sanitation, rescue and evacuation, etc. 

Initiatives with a longer-term commitment to strengthen the existing community actions and mechanisms with community development approach through building of institutional structure, behavioural change and environment building will be a crucial element of the current project. The project would capacitate the vulnerable community to demand their rights and hold the government accountable. They will work as a pressure group and take up advocacy issues and would also contribute in creating awareness among the other community members.

The overall approach of the project is to facilitate a process as a result of which the targeted communities have enhanced capacity to reduce their disaster related vulnerabilities and to mitigate the risks associated with such disasters. The project intends to create a sustainable model for replication to cope with the disaster situations. It will also facilitate linkages between community and government so that community can access government programs besides empowering community on DRR and climate change adaptation for mitigation.


Strategic Objectives:   

  • To strengthen and capacitate village level Institutions for disaster preparedness, response & resilient livelihoods through capacity building program, vulnerability assessment and mock drills.
  • To develop resilience of existing facilities for water supply and sanitation like raised hand-pumps and toilets by enabling vulnerable community especially the SC, EBCs and Minorities living in flood prone areas to piloting cleanliness, personal health, hygiene and hand washing practices with special reference to women and children.
  • To develop climate change adaptive livelihood systems for disaster prone areas with a focus on poor &  marginalized women by enhancing food and cash security through promotion & up- scaling of context specific (taking consideration the changing climate) agricultural package of practices such as stress tolerance and high value crops.
  • To mainstream the community Institutions to work with government stake holders towards resilient Livelihood and basic services for strengthening their preparedness for disasters. 



A.Enhance capacity and skills of community to emergency response.

•Developed, reviewed the community contingency plans by the GSS in 15 villages and their federations advocated for linkages with the panchayat/block for action and resource support. 

•45 capacitated volunteers had demonstrated readiness to response to emergency at local level.

•All the 15 Gram Sahayog Samitee and their federations were very active and dealing with different issues of the village.

B.Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

•The Village Health and Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) had been capacitated and they are actively dealing with the health and hygiene issues of the village and effective in using the untied fund. 

•Community of the all 15 villages had acquired adequate knowledge about health and hygiene practices.

•Models on raised hand pumps and flood proof latrines had been established and discussion with the government has been initiated for its wider replication.

C.Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL)

•15 women farmers clubs demonstrated and used their technical knowledge and information for improve and/or alternate approach of crop production considering vulnerabilities of their crop fields to disaster.

•Members of women farmers club trained on subjects such as varieties and methods of cultivation suitable for flood prone areas. 

•Two Kissan Pathshala had been established and supporting women farmers clubs for different types of cultivation.

•Members of farmers club with linkage to mainstream government institutions such as agricultural university, ATMA, NABARD etc.

D.Capacity Building of project partners for humanitarian response and advocacy 

•Capacitated NGOs, network member, community leaders and project staff ready for advocacy on issues of DRR.

•Established best practices of resilience at community level and documented for it for wider reliability. 


Quote of beneficiary:

“Hum sab phailay bari dukh hoit rahalak jab pani abait rahalak. Tab hums sab kitna din tak bhukay rahit rahili. Lakin ab mainath karkay khai chi hai bhaiya” Sunita Devi, Basha Hamlet, one of the members of farmers club.


Case Study:

Sunita Devi, member of the farmers club, lives at Basha hamlet of Bajpatti block in Sitamarhi district. She lives with her husband and 3 boys. The village is affected by recurring floods every year affecting its livelihood, water sources and other resources. The families face problem to earn their livelihood. In 2012, they formed farmers club with hand holding support from Adithi. She got trained on modern techniques of farming as a member of the farmers club. She also got financial support from the farmer club’s internal loaning system. It resulted increasing their yield and preventing crop loss due to flooding and water logging. She is also socially empowered not and take lead in mobilizing her community to put pressure on the blocks level departments to support her community. She mentioned that with all the effort community level preparedness and resilience building work, their yield has increased and it helped in securing their food and preparedness at the community, (Hum sab phailay bari dukh hoit rahalak jab pani abait rahalak. Tab hums sab kitna din tak bhukay rahit rahili. Lakin ab mainath karkay khai chi hai bhaiya)