Disaster Risk Reduction
01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
Disaster Risk Reduction
01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
Though all the districts of North Bihar are flood prone, Samastipur is interspersed with the Ganga, the Bagmati, the Kareh, the Burhi Gandak besides many other small rivers and faces the fury of floods almost every year. According to the data available from the Disaster Management Department of the state, 3, 16,894 houses were damaged in floods since the formation of the district in 1972 till 2007 in Samastipur and some 791 persons are reported to have died due to floods. This amounts to nearly one tenth of the total deaths in floods in the state in the same period. It also implies that nearly half the present population of the district has been rendered homeless in the same period.
These proposed villages are 15 from 8 Gram Panchayats in the Khanpur block of Samastipur which covers nearly 45,000 populations who are mostly Dalits, minorities and OBCs. The main occupation of the people here is agriculture and a majority of local labour finds employment in that. The block is trapped between the Bagmati (Kareh) and the Burhi Gandak. Most part of the block comes under a sheet of water during rains because of drainage congestion or the breaches in the embankments on the rivers. This is to the detriment of agriculture as severe sand casting and water logging follows floods. Available area for agriculture reduces year after year as it takes ten to twelve years for the sand to purify and become fit for agriculture.
The project aims at supporting risk reduction and adaptation mechanisms and sustainable human, social and economic development process through institutional capacity building of local partner Non Government Organizations (NGOs), Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and water sanitation activities. It also proposes to sensitize and increase the awareness of local government line agencies towards disaster risk reduction and disaster management elements to ensure that community resilience to disaster in enhanced especially women at the community level.
A.Enhance capacity and skills of community to emergency response
•Community based task force Groups have been strengthened for effective response and preparedness
•Capacitated Farmers Group in 20 villages with federation at the block level is established. Internal loaning has been started to protect the members from high rate of interest (of money lenders)
•Review and addition of agricultural practices in Community Contingency Plan (CCP) in 20 villages is completed and advocate for linkages with the panchayat and block for action and resource support.
B.Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
•WASH Committees in 20 target villages have been established and are actively dealing with WASH related issues of the villages.
•Community and school children sensitized on key public health messages like hand wash, vulnerability on water born diseases in identified villages and school.
•Training of PH volunteers/ WASH Committee members / VHSC members on Hand pump repairing has been helpful for the villages to make them self sufficient to do the minor repairmen of hand pumps by their own.
•Models on raised hand pumps and flood proof latrines have been established and discussion with the government has been initiated for its wider replication.
C.Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL)
•20 farmers club formed and strengthened and few of them linked with ATMA, NABARD and KVK for technical and financial support.
•Resources mobilized from government departments for better farming (eg. seed subsidy, technical support, vermin compost)
•The farmer clubs has started internal loaning for get rid of high interest rates of money lenders.
D.Capacity Building of project partners for humanitarian response and advocacy
•Capacitated NGOs, network member, community leaders and project staff ready for advocacy on issues of DRR.
Quote from beneficiary:
“Ab Ghar mein bank hai” , Ram Shakal Mahto ,Rebra, Samastipur, a member of Om Shanti Kisan Club.
Om Shanti Kisan Club is one of the successful farmers club that changed the life of its members. In 2013 the marginal farmers of Rebra, Khanpur, Samastipur come together to form the group. Currently, it has a membership of 27 male and 18 female.
Followed by the formation of the club, they got trained on different trainings on new techniques and inputs of agriculture. Exposure visits were also organized to expose them to various modern agricultural implementation programs. The activity enhances the skill of the farmers and they are now implementing those. The savings of the farmer club is almost to reach to a lakh.
It helped them to improve yield comparison to earlier low yield or no yield. The savings and internal loaning helped the marginal farmers to get rid of trap of the money lenders. The vicious cycle of loan burden is broken now. The success of the farmer club has attracted other household of the community and they are showing interest to get involved in the group.
“We had many problems regarding cultivation such as having no modern agricultural inputs and assets, no technical skill, lack of information about use of fertilizers and pesticides and seeds etc. But now the gaps are bridged to some extent.” – Ram Shakal Mahto, Coordinator of Om Shanti Kisan Club
He also mentioned, “we continued to save more starting from Rs 50 in the first year to Rs 100 in the second year and currently Rs 300/- per month. Now the club has a sum of Rs 3,20,000 (Three Lac Twenty thousand ) – in the pass book in Central Bank of India, Khanpur.
He was happy to share his success saying “Ab Ghar mein bank hai” (now the bank is at our home).