Disaster Risk Reduction
01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
Disaster Risk Reduction
01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017
The coastal district of Puri, is not new to the devastation brought about by floods. Each year, the monsoon season brings destruction and irreparable loss to the economy in these areas where communities are mostly engaged in farming and/or fishing. A predominantly agrarian region, floods damage both crops and cultivable land. High incidence of reduction in daily food intake has been reported with less than a third of the total population having any reserves of food. Population displacement during floods is widespread as thousands of women, men and children are forced to move to higher ground such as embankments and roads. Communities in this region have always been struggling to cope with cyclones, floods and flood related hazards. Naturally, the indigenous communities living in these areas have developed coping mechanisms over time that have become ingrained in their lifestyles and traditions – for example, housing, agriculture, livestock rearing, food storage, and weather and flood predictions – and these have helped them cope with, and adapt to, the impacts of such hazards. But ‘traditional’ mechanisms fall short in the face of the increasing frequency and intensity of floods in these areas today. Factors such as climate change, environmental damage, infrastructure development, population increase, decreasing agricultural productivity and the overall neglect of government to address these issues – have all contributed to the inability of communities in this region to cope with the floods and emerging disasters that plague the area.
About the Project:
The overall goal of the programme is ‘to develop the resilience of communities in the programme villages located in selected river basins of Odisha against floods and other identified hazards, with a focus on women and marginalized groups.’ The programme seeks to reach following outcomes:
The duration of the project shall be 11 months starting from 1st May 2016 to 31st March 2017. The thematic focus of the project will be on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The Project will be implemented in 10 villages of 3 Gram Panchayats, Alibad, Kadua, Khandahota in Kanas Block of Puri district located along Daya river system which are prone to recurrent floods, cyclones and other hazards.
Results to be Achieved:
•10 Nos. of Project Sites with updated and improved Disaster Management Plans 10 Number of mock drills conducted to test the plan.
•Trained village volunteers in 10 villages with improved capacity of basic risk management and improved access to basic risk management resources for early warning dissemination, search and rescue.
•Community Based Early Warning Dissemination Model developed. 10 Nos. of project locations with EWS Master Plan
•Improved understanding of water quality and contamination status of drinking water sources
•Trained village volunteers with improved capacity of management of drinking water sources before during and after emergencies
•WASH Model developed to improve access to safe drinking water before during and after emergencies
Solar’s outreach in Disaster Risk Reduction since 2008 through Oxfam’s support in Puri is as follows:-
•37513 people from 5776 households in 44 villages covered
•21 Schools and 3582 students are covered through school safety programmes
•742 Task Force Team members with 187 trained in search and rescue.
•329 Wash committee members trained in maintaining drinking water sources during emergencies
•13 flood proof raised tubewells platforms to ensure access to safe drinking water during emergencies.
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“Earlier, we had no choice but to take the drinking water from the dirty village pond. The tubewell water had a pungent iron taste. The Iron filter has allowed us to move back to tubewell for our water needs. This will help us to bring down the water related diseases which were common in our our village.”
Sujata Palai, Member of WASH Committee, Ogalpur village, Kanas, Puri
Case Studies/Human stories:
In Ogalpur, 130 households had no access to the safe drinking water source. The tubewell water had a very strong pungent smell of iron which refrained villagers to use it for drinking purposes. Villagers resorted to the dirty village pond for all their water needs. The pond was also used for all other purposes, including washing, bathing, animal bathing and anal cleansing after defecation at its banks. This posed a high health risk as every year many would suffer from water borne diseases including diarrhea.
SOLAR with support from Oxfam India, installed Iron Removal Plants attached to the existing Hand pumps. The tubewell water were now filtered and clean drinking water without pungent taste and smell was available to the community. Community has taken up the maintenance of the IRPs. The IRPs has the capacity to discharging 7000 lts of filtered water daily. This has shifted them from the pond to tubewell for their water use. This IRP filter has become quite popular in the area and the PRI members in the neighboring villages have expressed their interest in replicating the model in their village as well