Unnayan

Project Theme

Humanitarian

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 May 2016 - 31 Mar 2017

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Introduction

Floods and cyclones, western Odisha is prone to acute droughts. In addition, the State is also affected by disasters like heat waves, epidemics, forest fire etc. The history of disasters substantiates the fact that about 80% of the State is prone to one or more forms of natural disasters. With 80% of annual rainfall concentrated over 3 months, the State is highly vulnerable to floods. High population density, encroachment on the flood plains, poor socio-economic condition, weak infrastructure and mud houses increase the vulnerability. Out of total geographical area of 15.751 lakhs hectares 1.40 lakh hectares are flood prone. 

Balasore district is one of the most disaster prone districts of Odisha. It is vulnerable to severe floods, cyclone. Storm surge, heat waves and industrial disasters. The coastal range of northern Balasore is at high risk of tidal surge. The Balasore coast is also at the risk of tsunami run up of upto 2 mts. In the 2011 floods in Subarnarekha basin, 12 blocks and 01 ULB in Balasore was severely affected. 02 human casualties were reported from the district that year. Later in 2013, Balasore was again severely hit by floods that were caused due to the excessive rainfall in the upper catchment caused by cyclone Phailin. During these floods, 11 blocks and 4 ULBs were affected. 08 human casualties were reported. In total, 1725 villages were hit and atleast 2771 houses were damaged. The recurring floods leads to acute problems caused particularly due to lack of disaster preparedness and poor WaSH conditions post disasters.The recurrent disasters and existing vulnerability of communities requires a strong community based risk reduction programme for enhancing disaster resilience of these communities. 

 

About the Project:

The overall goal of the programme is ‘to develop the resilience of communities in the programme villages located in selected river basins of Odisha against floods and other identified hazards, with a focus on women and marginalized groups.’ The programme seeks to reach following outcomes:

  1. Increased community capacities to anticipate and prepare for natural disasters in 10 flood prone villages in Balasore district in Odisha.  
  2. Increased community capacities to improve water, sanitation and hygiene conditions before during and after emergencies – with particular focus on addressing needs of women in 10 flood prone villages in Balasore District in Odisha. 
  3. Improved capacities of the Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and village committees in the programme villages to engage with the Government and other stakeholders to plan and act for reducing vulnerabilities of communities to disasters.

The duration of the project shall be 11 months starting from 1st May 2016 to 31st March 2017. The thematic focus of the project will be on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The Project will be implemented in 10 villages of 02 blocks - Basta and Jaleswar in Balasore district located  along Subarnarekha river system which are prone to recurrent floods, cyclones and other hazards. 

 

Results to be Achieved: 

•10 Nos. of Project Sites with updated and improved Disaster Management Plans 10 Number of mock drills conducted to test the plan.

•Trained village volunteers in 10 villages with improved capacity of basic risk management and improved access to basic risk management resources for early warning dissemination, search and rescue.

•Community Based Early Warning Dissemination Model developed. 10 Nos. of project locations with EWS Master Plan

•Improved understanding of water quality and contamination status of drinking water sources

•Trained village volunteers with improved capacity of management of drinking water sources before during and after emergencies

•WASH Model developed to improve access to safe drinking water before during and after emergencies

 

Prior Achievements:

Unnayan’s outreach in Disaster Risk Reduction since 2008 through Oxfam’s support in Balasore is as follows:-

•25224 people from 4940 households in 29 villages covered 

•17 Schools and 6900 students are covered through school safety programmes

•314 WASH committee  members are trained in Dysinfecting, restoring and maintaining Drinking water sources in pre and post disaster period

•706 TFT members including 176 members trained in search and rescue

•95 mock drills in 29 village since 2008. Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist vulnerable households with disaster preparedness mock drills and training and response  

•40 local paravets are trained in protection of livestock during emergencies.

•44 flood proof raised tubewells platforms to ensure access to safe drinking water during emergencies

 

Quotes of Beneficiaries:

In this Kharif season, I had experimented with flood resilient paddy variety in 50 decimal area. Sowing and transplantation was timely. Crop was harvested in the month of December. Total crop yield was much higher than previous years. I will use this variety in the next kharif season as well. 

-Damodar Rana, Panisulia, Balasore 

(Unnayan conducted the crop cutting experiment on Damodar’s  farm in December. The result from 5 x 5 meters Crop Cutting area was 15 Kg and total yield from 0.5 acre of area was 10 quintals. The pest and diseases attack was almost nil. In similar situation yield from same amount of area was seven quintal from control plot which is 30% less than swarna sub-1 variety. )

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Case Studies/Human stories: In October 2013 floods, our village was badly affected. 35 families were displaced when their lands and houses got washed away in the floods. With Oxfam’s support, we prepared our village micro plan. Hazard, risks, vulnerability and capacity assessments were conducted by the village disaster management committees. Long term solutions for persisting risks were identified. The Plan was approved by the PRI members in the village meeting.  On 17th November 2015, we presented our plan to the Chairman Jila Parishad & Member, DDMA; Panchayat Samiti Member and other local officials and requested their support through ongoing Government scheme’s like the MGNREGS. 

Minor irrigation department has now sanctioned and completed the projects of stone patching of 100 mts and 200 mts in Subarnrekha at our village. 

-Hemangini Dhal, Chadnamkhana, Balasore