Nav Bihar Samaj Kalyan Pratisthan Kendra (NBSKPK)

Project Theme

Natural Resource Management

Target Group


Project Period

01 Jul 2013 - 30 Jun 2014

Share this on

Post independence rural India was struggling to stand on its own. There was a flow of rural-urban migration, break down of village industries and self sufficient village communities. This posed constraint to rural development. This is the backdrop in which Nav Bihar Samaj Kalyan Pratisthan Kendra (NBSKPK) came with a pledge to serve, help and save the people of the area. The organization was recognized as a registered body under Societies Registration Act, 1860 in the year 1980, and a decade after, in 1990, it was also registered under Foreign Contribution Regulation Act of 1976. The organization was also registered under Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC) government of India and came in the direct list in 1992. 

Nalanda district is a major producer of vegetables in Bihar. It is one of the major suppliers of potato and all kinds of green vegetables for the state. The average land holding of small and marginal farmers is about 10 kattha (0.3125 acre) which suffices the need for 6 to 7 months of the year for 4 – 5 members of the family leaving behind a wide gap of 5 to 6 months. To meet the food requirements of the household, the family adopts to wage labour (forced in nature) and alternative source of income such as goatry, poultry etc. The small and marginal producers are not organized into a collective force and hence their presence in the market is negligible and the profit margins are largely in the hands of the middleman. The challenge therefore is to establish enabling conditions and institutional arrangements that would facilitate this transition. Lack of adequate market linkages and farmers’ skills/capacity to produce for the market (choice of appropriate varieties, post-harvest handling and quality control etc) has emerged as one of the biggest challenges to sustaining productivity enhancement and income diversification. Given the perishable nature of the high value agriculture products, better integration/coordination of these supply chains will also become critical. Marketing infrastructure is essentially organized around cereal crops and pulses, and does not cater very well to vegetables growers. A comprehensive approach to policy and advocacy work at all levels, including using opportunities presented by the National Food Security Mission, National Horticulture Mission, Rashtiya Krishi Vikas Yojna etc will be developed. Public and private investment - in irrigation and other infrastructure, extension services, research etc. - that can support development will be encouraged.


About the Project

The project works in 44 villages of Puraini and Adampur Panchayat of Giriyak block and Pawadih, Dharhara, Sobait and Barakar Panchayat of Silao block. The project aims to work with 2782 female and 600 male farmers directly belonging to SCs, OBCs and others. The overall aim of this project is to improve economic status as well as social status and food security of small and marginal farmers, specifically women farmers in selected two blocks of Nalanda district of Bihar. Moreover, the project aims to empower & develop the small holder vegetable growers (especially women) not only economically but also from social & political point of view to make them enable of protecting own rights. The project will be intervened by strengthening community organization, overcoming the production and marketing bottlenecks, enhancing bargaining capacity and exercising power in market & advocating for creation of favourable condition for recognizing the role of woman as farmer & establishing linkage with various government programs and schemes (especially RKVY) focusing on production and income enhancement of small and marginal vegetable growers (especially women).   



•To increase the income levels of vegetable growers by overcoming production bottlenecks and by enhancing bargaining capacity especially of women group members 

•Facilitating recognition of women as farmers and advocating for their joint title over land 

•Advocacy for small holders’ engagement in planning processes of policies related to small holders and demand for pro small holder policy environment


This would be achieved by undertaking the following set of activities

•Developing demonstration sites for vegetable production

•Capacity Building Trainings on Nursery Development for Women Farmers and technical support on vegetable production and storage.

•Social awareness platforms on government schemes/programmes and RKVY, especially the women land rights

•Interface with district/block level revenue department

•Preparation of route map, buyers directory for increased marketing of vegetable

•Strengthening of district level Federation.

•Awareness drive for recognition of women as farmers.

•Tracking of agriculture investment for women farmers in Bihar

•Meeting of women farmers group for discussing crop plan and other agriculture initiatives (panchayat level)

•Leadership training of members of block level federation and district level federation of Women farmers

•Block level training of woman farmers leaders on collective farming, good agricultural practices, kitchen garden and market linkage (2 days)

•Block level training on vegetable cultivation and pest & disease control

•Documentation and publication of case studies of women groups engage in collective farming / collective marketing


Results to be Achieved

•Strengthening the woman farmer groups as community institutions and block and district federations for facilitating community level action

•Capacity building of the farmers on farm planning, sustainable agriculture practices 

•Adoption of new technologies/production methods to enhance quality and quantity

•Functional linkages with of the government departments, research institutions and extension system, financial institutions for leverage resources, technical inputs etc.

•Efforts in engaging community on RKVY processes and other government schemes and recognition of woman farmers, land rights issues etc. 

•Linkages with likeminded civil society organizations, networks for establishing platform for advocacy on woman land rights, woman farmers recognition etc

•Cropping calendar focusing on vegetable cultivation is prepared

•Training on nursery development undertaken and at least 10 groups have their nursery

•Mapping of institutions is complete and efforts on linkages is undertaken

•Women from at least 25% groups engage in direct selling of vegetables

•Collection centre is initiated and established

•Process for formation of federation of women farmer groups is initiated 

•At least 10% of women farmers have access to agriculture inputs such as seeds, fertilizer.  

•At least 20% of women farmers participate in decision making about agriculture practices. 

•At least 40% of women farmers made aware of their land rights annually.

•Community prepares recommendations for RKVY planning process.

•At least 40% of farmers, especially women getting aware about National Horticulture Mission, Agriculture Road Map, RKVY homestead land annually.


Major Achievements 2014 – 15

•2 collection centres (panchayat level) formed and started functioning as rural business centre. During this year (from July 2014 to June 2015) turn over for collective marketing of vegetable produce was approx INR 8.94 lac (552 qtl) with profit of around INR 1.57 lac.

•Mahila Kisan Club formed in all 44 village supported 451 women farmers to access agriculture inputs from several agriculture schemes (Seed, farm tool, fertilizer etc.) for INR 3.34 lakh approx and 822 families received drought compensation for INR 3.28 lakh from agriculture department.

•Women farmers started entering in market to access fair price of their vegetable produce. 12 women farmer club are selling their vegetable produce collectively and 184 women farmers started selling their vegetable produce in market directly without mediators in this way direct linkage initiated between buyer and seller.


Prior Achievements

•Institution Development: NBSKPK aims to build a three tiered community organization. The 44 women farmers’ groups are at lowest tier, two block level federations are at middle and a district federation is the highest level community organization. The 44 women farmers’ group with 653 members formed at village level are the base of community. The farmers’ groups are engaged in various activities – making savings, getting trainings from different institutions (Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ATMA etc.), interface with government institutions and officials, financial institutions. Then they disseminate information and create knowledge related to agricultural practices, government schemes, women and land rights at community. Moreover, they facilitate small loans to the community people at a small rate of interest. The block federations are formed with the 44 members of women farmers’ group. Members of block federations constitute district federation. NBSKPK has facilitated block federation meetings quarterly. The district federation meeting is the bigger platform where the farmers discuss about quantity of production as well as selling of vegetables of the panchayats, CDAP process, how to access different government schemes.

•Production Related Work: To improve the production and expertise of the women farmer capacity building trainings has been organized. 118 women farmer are capacitated on nursery development and production and storage to make them aware of better management practices of production (aimed not only to increase production but also ensuring quality of produces).  394 women farmers have established vegetable nurseries and developed vegetable demonstration plots. Trainings and other supports are given to the woman farmers so that they can make vermi-compost by themselves. Before, the initiation of the project, all of the female beneficiaries were unaware of the better farming practices. Now, 653 women farmers are aware of quality seeds (how to identify quality seeds and test the quality of seeds) and other inputs and their uses. They also know the source where these inputs are available. Woman farmers who were mainly producing cereals and vegetables (only for household consumption) are started vegetable production at comparatively larger scale. 

•Marketing Initiatives: Several capacity building trainings, exposure visits to successful farmers’ group has encouraged woman farmers to approach market for getting control over their produces. An initiative of supporting woman farmers by wooden basket, weighing scale & weighing weights has boosted their marketing capacity a lot. 127 women farmers are engaged in direct selling of vegetables in village road, block market and in Bihar Sharif mandi. Market is very much volatile that the production of the groups cannot make specific marketing strategy for intervention in market. Moreover, the production is not so large that it can influence the market. Thus, market information are collected and analyzed round the year to incorporate recent market trends and women farmers are informed about the trends. Two collection centers are initiated in two blocks. Collection centres are an initiative for collective marketing. 

•Advocacy Initiatives: This year, the project was focused on advocating the linkage with RKVY and its planning process, women’s land rights and recognition of women as farmers. 27 community meetings on C-DAP and RKVY and 5 cluster level trainings on women land rights and various provisions and planning process of RKVY have been organized by NBSKPK. In the trainings, the government institutions providing entitlements and benefits of different schemes/programmes are also mapped. District level interface with agriculture department and social awareness platforms on government schemes/programmes, especially women land rights have boosted the confidence level of women farmers. Woman farmers, who earlier themselves did not used to consider themselves as farmers, have now started realizing the need for their recognition. Earlier, they neither stepped outside nor they had the confidence to talk to unknowns. Now they are able to venture out for training, meeting and their families do not restrict them. IEC materials on various provisions of RKVY have developed a widespread awareness at community level. As a result of advocacy initiatives, interface and trainings – 1) 154 women farmers have taken benefits from government schemes and programmes like NFSM, NHM etc. 2) 100% of the members of women farmer groups are aware of about National Horticulture Mission, National Food Security Mission, Agriculture Road Map, RKVY and 40% of other women farmers (who are not in group) are aware of about these schemes/programmes.


Quotes of Beneficiaries

“I want to marry my daughter without taking any loan from money lender and I will do it. Increased income from vegetable cultivation and saving from my shop give a new strength to my family.”

Manju Devi, W/0 – Shivnandan Prasad, Village – Sataua, Block – Giriyak, District – Nalanda (Bihar)


Case Studies/Human stories

Kavia Devi, Village – Puran Bigha, Nalanda (Bihar)

This is the case study of Village Puranbigha in Pawadih Panchayat of Silao block in Nalanda district of Bihar. Puranbigha Village habitat is with 300 to 350 populations. Majority of farmers don’t have their own land. They usually do farming either as sharecropper or land on lease. Village is 3Km away from link road and due to transportation problem they have to face so many problems. Land is very fertile here but business scope is very less Peoples livelihood is cattle keeping as well as work as laborer in others field. All these circumstances create situation to interfere in their life so Oxfam India working here since trying to strengthening them in agriculture and increase in their income to enable them self reliant. Oxfam india form 16 member Mahila Kisan Club in Puranbigha and motivating women’s to work on group so that they will emerge as power.

Kavia Devi of Mahila Kisan Club is paying by heart thanks to NBSKPK & Oxfam team that they have provide a dignified life to me and confirm unity is strength.

Kavia Devi 40 year w/o Rambriksh Yadav 47 year in puran bigha village in Pawadih panchayat of Silao block. She is living with 4 son 2  daughter, 3 Grandson  2 Granddaughter. 2 son is married and both daughter is also married 2 sons are unmarried. Presently they are living as a happy family.

Kavia Devi expression on change in her economical condition she is telling that “When I was not attached with Mahila Kisan club facing lots of problems. Earlier I was doing farming on either share cropping or on lease. Cattle keeping was also on share keeping so that due to lack of capital farming production was not sufficient to feed sometimes take loan to fulfill family requirement. Due to poor production in field and financial constraint my economical condition was very worst. I begin to keeping cattle but there was no improvement in my life even children was not getting milk & cured in adequate quantity. On lease land owner share was fixed whether your production is happen or crop loss but I have to make him payment .At the mean time NBSKPK & Oxfam team formed 16 member Mahila Kisan Club and I become member of that club. After joining club a ray of hope appear in my life and with their regular attachment I develop my skill to lead life with confidence.

I become its member. In previous August with help of NBSKPK I got 6 kg 6444 hybrid paddy seed from Silao block and started cultivation in 1 acre land with SRI method which I learnt in training provided by NBSKPK. I got 80 man crop instead of earlier production of 40 to 50 man. NBSKPK also open here Kisan Pathshala where we know about tips of good farming and selection of right crop and proper way of cultivation. As a result we get good production of wheat crop also. After keeping sufficient stock of grain in home rest I sold in market and gradually my economical condition become improve. Later I purchase a buffalo (with our saving and taking some loan). Now one of my son is in Haryana for earning. He is earning good there and sending money to me which is a great relief. One of my son is studying in class 9th in Bindidih High school. Since last three year I am getting regular Dhan, wheat & moong seed and doing share cropping .This year I have sown Dhan in 8 to 10 bigha through share cropping. Now other land owners are offering their land for share cropping all these become possible due to support of NBSKPK and Oxfam together to us. Today my family is happy to get sufficient food even children are getting milk & curd regular. 


On behalf of my happy family once again my grateful thanks to NBSKPK and Oxfam India. This is the statement of Rambriksh Yadav husband of Kavia Devi.