01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016
01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016
Bihar is prone to multi-hazards like flood, earthquake, high wind velocity, cold wave as well as recurrent village fires in summer. Flood situation is most severe in the northern plains of Bihar. The problem is aggregated due to water-logging by poor drainage arrangements and embankments.
Samastipur is interspersed with the Ganga, the Bagmati, the Kareh, and the Burhi Gandak besides many other small rivers and faces the fury of floods almost every year. The proposed villages are 20 from 10 Gram Panchayats in the Khanpur block of Samastipur, covers nearly 45,000 populations who are mostly Dalits, minorities and OBCs. The area is under developed and disaster risk prone though it is linked with Samastipur (26 kilometers) with an all weather road and has population of 151,412 (2001 Census) . Most part of the block comes under a sheet of water during rains because of drainage congestion or the breaches in the embankments on the rivers. This is to the detriment of agriculture as severe sand casting and water logging follows floods. Available area for agriculture reduces year after year as it takes ten to twelve years for the sand to purify and become fit for agriculture.
The project aims at supporting risk reduction and adaptation mechanisms and sustainable human, social and economic development process through institutional capacity building of local partner Non Government Organizations (NGOs), Community Based Organizations (CBOs) and water sanitation activities. It also proposes to sensitize and increase the awareness of local government line agencies towards disaster risk reduction and disaster management elements to ensure that community resilience to disaster in enhanced especially women at the community level.
•To create strong community based organization for enhancing their coping capacities to withstand disaster risks due to climate related hazards through improved and sustained community level preparedness and adaptive measures. (Emergency Response Capacity Building)
•To enable vulnerable community especially the SC, EBCs and Minorities living in flood prone areas to identify and manage public health risks with special reference to women and children.
•To increase food and cash security through promotion & up- scaling of context specific (taking consideration the changing climate) agricultural package of practices such as SRI and Organic Farming.
•To build organizational preparedness capacity of IDF and its network partners with improved knowledge and skills for effective humanitarian response during disasters and enabling them to effectively take up emergent pro-people, pro-poor advocacy.
A.Enhance capacity and skills of community to emergency response
•Community based task force Groups have been strengthened for effective response and preparedness
•Capacitated Farmers Group in 20 villages with federation at the block level is established. Internal loaning has been started to protect the members from high rate of interest (of money lenders)
•Review and addition of agricultural practices in Community Contingency Plan (CCP) in 20 villages is completed and advocate for linkages with the panchayat and block for action and resource support.
B.Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
•WASH Committees in 20 target villages have been established and are actively dealing with WASH related issues of the villages.
•Community and school children sensitized on key public health messages like hand wash, vulnerability on water born diseases in identified villages and school.
•Training of PH volunteers/ WASH Committee members / VHSC members on Hand pump repairing has been helpful for the villages to make them self sufficient to do the minor repairmen of hand pumps by their own.
•Models on raised hand pumps and flood proof latrines have been established and discussion with the government has been initiated for its wider replication.
C.Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL)
•20 farmers club formed and strengthened and few of them linked with ATMA, NABARD and KVK for technical and financial support.
•Resources mobilized from government departments for better farming (eg. seed subsidy, technical support, vermin compost)
•The farmer clubs has started internal loaning for get rid of high interest rates of money lenders.
D.Capacity Building of project partners for humanitarian response and advocacy
•Capacitated NGOs, network member, community leaders and project staff ready for advocacy on issues of DRR.