Natural Resource Management
01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016
Natural Resource Management
01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016
Dalit Vikas Vindu (DVV) was established in the year 1984 by its founder Secretary, Late Indradeo Singh. Sri Singh actively participated in the Total Revolution, launched by renowned Social Activist Jay Prakash Narayan for which he was put behind bar by the then Congress Govt. led by Mrs. Indira Gandhi. After that he started working with Jay Prakashji out of his ashram in Sokhodeora in Nawada district, when he decided to shift to Jhilar village to stay with the tribal for 8 years to understand their problem and to organize them against oppression. Very soon he realized the importance and need of an organizational space to translate his ideas into action. This realization inspired him to set up DVV with a view to work in an organized manner for holistic development of tribal and dalit with whom he had developed very good rapport by way of staying with them for a long period of 8 years.
Scanty rain fall compelled with poor natural resource management in the operational area of DVV which has reduced agriculture into a non-gainful venture. With a view of harness the full potential and to create additional livelihood option, DVV has been focusing on 5 Js – Jan(People), Jal(Water), Jangal(Forest), Jamin(Land) and Janwar(Animal). We organized the community members in CBO, and facilitated them to prepare micro plans to know about the socio, educational and economic condition and available resource of the development of the area through PRA exercise. In the beginning, we help the CBO representative in getting the services from bank, block and district level government department. Now they are working as change agent of their community and became able in tapping the benefits of government schemes.
About the Project
The three fourth populations of Jharkhand lives in rural areas, (about 75.95 percent), including 95 percent of Scheduled Tribes (STs) and 91 percent of Scheduled Castes (SCs). Jharkhand has a very large forest area and a very large tribal and non tribal forest dependent population. The estimated forest cover is 29% of the total geographical area of the state, with many districts having what has worked and what could be improved to make them more organically linked within a community for greater sustainability and more visible change. The existence of forests is strongly correlated with the presence of tribal communities (given that 28% of the population is ST, and includes 32 tribal groups) dependent largely on forest land and other resources. However, the development process over the decade, primarily forest dependents have not been given due importance and they continue to face repression and their rights on the land and resources are constantly violated.
After long struggle and historical injustice towards the tribes and other forest dwellers finally The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, was passed on December 2006 and signed by the President on December 29, 2006, but only notified into force on December 31, 2007 (one year later). The Rules to the Act were notified into force on January 1, 2008. But still implementation of FRA is a question mark for Jharkhand. Geographically 29% of Jharkhand is covered by forest land but only few no. of IFR has been recognized and there are no any recognition of CFR (under section 3 (1) i of FRA) in the state.
The project ‘Improved implementation of Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 and control over natural resources for securing livelihood and food security of the community’ was initiated in the year 2012 in Koderma district of Jharkhand. Over the period of three years it has been increasingly realized that a constant awareness generation and handholding is required to empower communities for accessing their rights and entitlements under Forest Rights Act and also create spaces for dialogue with Govt. Officials on the rejection of applications. Also, given the recent Government initiatives to train the forest rights committee members, could be taken as opportunity to enhance the number of claims and the members will be mobilized to participate in the training and members.
In Koderma district as per Govt. record till Feb 2015 title of only 200 IFR have been given and but there are no any title given under CFR.
The Project is located in two blocks (Domchanch and Markachcho) of Koderma district in Jharkhand covering 8 Panchayayts and 47 villages with 3413 households.
1.To develop and strengthen the community organization to demand their right over forest land and resources.
2.To initiate and facilitate the process of filing applications for their forest land and access to non-timber forest produce entitlements as per the FRA.
3.Advocate and network with different stakeholders so that the FRA is implemented in its true essence. Increase networking with existing FRA groups to lobby and seek accountability from the government to implement the FRA, 2006.
This would be achieved by undertaking the following set of activities :
•Half yearly sensitization meeting of Forest Right Committee and PRI functionaries on FRA with especially focus on CFR at panchayat level (8 panchayat)
•District level Leadership and management training for FRC functionaries
•Inter Village exposure of FRCs members
•2 days Training on GPS / GIS (staff and community leaders)
•Learning Workshop on issues and dimension related to CFR and forest resources especially promotion of NTFP based livelihood with Govt. Department (at district level & block level, engaging members of Zila Parishad, MPs and MLA at district level.)
•District level Media workshop on CFR
•District level Network Meeting on FRA - (Half yearly)
•District level stakeholders meeting with DLC on FRA (Half yearly)
•Interface meeting with with District level Govt. officials
•State Level Convention on FRA (with all three partners)
•Convergence meeting with different departments for linking the claimants with different livelihood schemes
•Regular Village Level Awareness program on FRA and promotion of NTFP based livelihood.
•Meeting with MP / MLA for advocacy for implementation of FRA in Koderma.
•Networking with civil society actors for policy advocacy on the Forest Rights Act would also play a significant part in our future intervention.
•The issue of both Tribal and OTFD will be addressed in the targeted community to ensure their right under section3 (1) i.
•Promoting the NTFP based livelihood (It would be in major focus during pre and post CFR) and linking the community through convergence with different livelihood schemes.
•Sharing of the findings of the status report of FRA and different study reports with Govt. Stakeholders to create pressure for proper implementation of FRA in the state.
•Sharing the findings of potential of NTFP in the project area with the Govt. can be used as opportunities to understand the current status in the project area and different options to promote the livelihood based on NTFP.
Results to be Achieved :
•Recognition of 30% CFR Claim and 50 % IFR Claim submitted at FRC, SDLC and DLC level.
•Strengthening capacity of Gram Sabha and Forest Right Committee for preparing and recommending new IFR and CFR claims
•Strengthening district and state level network for regular advocacy for effective and speedier implementation of FRA in Jharkhand.
•Increased awareness among forest dwellers on Forests Rights, filing of claims for individual and community forest rights.
•FRCs is reconstituted and the members in 47 villages are recognized, CSOs and other stakeholders are sensitized and capacitated to take the IFR/CFR claim process ahead.
•Increased responsiveness of Government functionaries towards addressing the issues related to implementation of FRA and claims filed by the community dwellers.
•The PRIs and FRCs take initiative to organize Gram Sabha for follow up of the status of IFR and filing claims under CFR and provide the necessary support for claim preparations.
During the previous three years of intervention, the focus of the work was on strengthening the community based Forest Rights Committee constituted by the District Welfare Department and also raise awareness on FRA, IFR and CFR among the forest dwellers. Besides efforts were made to establish linkages with govt. departments and fix their accountability to implement FRA.
•Submission of 460 IFR claims for 725.72 acres at SDLC and DLC level. The DLC is expected to recognise 54 IFR for 92.73 soon in first phase
•Submission of 2 old CFR claims for Semarkundi and Baidwar village (1770.83 acres and 404.70 acres) at SDLC involving FRC and active participation of Gram Sabha.
•Sensitization of SDLC, DLC and other govt. stakeholders for speedier implementation of FRA in Koderma district.
•Now Gram Sabha is functional in all 47 operational villages. FRCs and Gram Sabha involve for identification and preparation of new CFR claim actively.
•Around 56 PRI Members and 332 FRC members have participated in different orientation and sensitization meeting organized at village, panchayat, block, district and state level on FRA 2006 and Amended FRA Rules 2012 with focus on CFR.
•The DLC and SDLC are agreed for financial support to the community for hiring private Ameen for measurement of land. They have also agreed to print the CFR Formats (B) & (C).
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“We need to unite and demand out rights under Forest Right Act and other government schemes”. – Geeta Devi
Village – Dhargaon, Block – Domchanch, District - Koderma (Jharkhand)
Case Studies/Human stories:
Strong determination of one man brought positive change for the community
Since, the project is focusing on issue related to Forest Right Act’ 2006 and Livelihood & Food security in Koderma district of Jharkhand by organizing and strengthening people to advocate for their rights. The Project aims to mobilize and strengthen the people’s capacity towards understanding their rights and entitlements through the capacity building at community level institutions viz; Gram Sabha, Forest Right Committees (FRC) and Village Development Committees (VDC) so that they could be involved in development process in improved implementation of Forest Right Act’ 2006. It is also to empower the poor and marginalized to demand their rights and to carry out advocacy for an effective and accountable government.
Lakshmipur with is a non-tribal community of Dhargaon panchayat under Domchanch block in Koderma district of Jharkhand. It consists of 47 HH with 281 population. The community consists of 3 hamlets namely Kosmai, Malyagiri and Lakshmipur itself. The village is 16 km away from Domchanch block. The main livelihood sources of the community people are Agriculture & wage labour and dependency on Forest Resources. Some of them are engaged in ploughing forest land and some of them are dependent on collection and processing of NTFPs such as; Mahua, Tendu Leaves, Saal Leaves, firewood etc and rests of them are labourer. But, they always have to face problems from Forest Department. The land is almost rainfed. However, some of land is irrigated through Aahar and Check Dam during the summer season. The source of drinking water in the village is hand pump and well. But, drinking water is not available all round the year. There is an ICDS centre and a middle school in the village. However, the literacy status is not very much well too.
Case Description: The story is about Meghlal Singh resident of Lakshmipur a revenue village of Dhargaon panchayat and belongs to Ghatwar community. Ghatwar is similar to Aadivasi who live in the forest area. He is small farmer and engaged farming with his family. He also involve as active member of Panchayati Raj Institution (PRIs). He uses to create awareness amongst the community members about various social security schemes of Govt. and facilitate them to access benefit of schemes.
Since, Meghlal Singh is a member of PRI from ward no. 6. When DVV team started its operation to share the information related to FRA issues in the community. We were reported that the community has been facing serious problems like; Poverty and unemployment due to less opportunity for the employment. According to him lack of means of irrigation, lack of drinking water, lack of metalled road connectivity, lack of adequate means of education remained the major problem in the community. The team had discussion with Meghlal Singh and other people of the community. The project team found Meghlal Singh having high degree of positive attitude and has energy to fight for community with rational approach. He had some conceptual clarity on FRA related issues, too.
Initiative and effort made for change:
Being introduced to the problems illustrated from the discussion, the project team had specific discussion with Meghlal Singh. We tried to identify the people in need who could be benefited with various Govt. schemes. Meghlal Singh cooperated us in identifying those people and facilitated for preparing applications so that they could be linked with Govt. livelihood and social security schemes. He made community members aware about provisions under Forest Rights Act 2006 and Govt. social security schemes and process to access its benefits. He also involved in strengthening community organizations and lead community towards their land right. He provided his help to community member in filling applications and supported them to access benefit of Govt. Social Security schemes.
On the other hand, he always has been been linking between the community & project team in organizing meetings, preparation of application, arrangement of evidence etc. She also helped in timely meeting of Forest Right Committee. Thus, issues related to FRA and simple way to access their right over the forest land were the core focus part in his leadership during the community, panchayat, and block and even in district and state level orientation programmes.
As a result, Meghlal Singh succeeded in helping marginalized individuals in accessing benefits through different Govt. schemes. His continuous effort linked 10 families with Indira Awas Yojna, li 20 people with old age pension schemes, 20 families from PDS system. His aspirations are to create awareness community about conservation of Forest Resources and to make available land for landless farmer under Govt. convergence scheme. The CFR claim in this village is under process.He is facilitating for Community Forest Rights so that opportunities for employment could be made available within the community.