Badlao Foundation

Project Theme

Natural Resource Management

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 Jan 2015 - 31 Mar 2016

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Introduction

Badlao Foundation has been working in Jharkhand for more than thirty two years and associated with Oxfam India since last three years. Badlao Foundation was born out of a contextual necessity. During early fifties, when Maithon dam was constructed on river Barakar through Damodar Valley Corporation, 39 villages on the ridges were affected - some partially and some completely. Where houses were destroyed, cultivable lands were submerged due to construction of that dam. The uprooted tribals scattered all over the region though majority of them zeroed on Mihijam, as coalfields and locomotive industry etc. were nearby. Realizing the need to uplift and empower those deprived and marginalized people Badlao Foundation started working in the area with non-farm income generation activities. 

In course of time (1982) Badlao Foundation became a registered organization. Later on, to promote Tasar spinning it became affiliated to Khadi &Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Government of India in 1985. Over the years, the organization has expanded its operational areas in conformity to its multi-dimensional developmental works. Now it covers 350 villages of 14 blocks in six districts viz. Deoghar, Dumka, Jamtara, Godda, Sahebganj and Pakur of Santhal Parganas division of Jharkhand state, India.

Badlao Foundation supported State Health & Family Welfare Department in selecting and trainings of 1603 Sahiyyas from backward and excluded communities of Jamtara district. Govt. of Jharkhand has declared Kewatjali Training Center (Run by Badlao Foundation) as an accredited training centre to train ICDS workers. Every year 12 batches of women workers (ICDS) are trained.  6324 Sevika and Sahayika trained in 144 batches till date. Badlao facilitated formation of 1136 Village Health Committees and strengthened those through periodic training and orientation. It strengthened service delivery process in 900 Anganwadi Centres in 14 Blocks of Dumka and Jamtara. Umka, Jamtara, Godda, Sahebganj and Pakur of Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand state, India.

 

About the Project

Badlao Foundation is implementing the project titled “Increasing Peoples’ Access and Tenure Rights over Forest Resources to support their Livelihood and Food Security through Rights Based Approach”. The proposed project aims to generate and enhance awareness and proactively advocate about the provisions made under Forest Rights Act (FRA) among the forest dwelling communities so that they can make claims on the forest land and minor forest produces that they thrived upon for centuries. The project will create linkages with government and non-government organizations for sustainable livelihood prototypes for planned and safe occupational shift reducing biodiversity and ecological loss and improving life and livelihood of people; thereby enhancing demand and delivery of the welfare schemes under FRA.

Ever since the inception of PESA in Jharkhand, lack of proper understanding of the provisions of the rights of the forest dependant villagers, lack of understanding of basic provisions of FRA, 2006 and PESA, 1998 have been at the core of the misinterpretation and the growing indifference towards its proper implementation. Over the period of two years, Badlao Foundation has been pursuing land rights issue in the proposed intervention areas with the support of Oxfam India.  Progress has been made in filing claims on individual rights, the claims under community rights have been largely ignored and the major cause has been a gross lack of understanding over community forest rights. Through the project, issues of lack of nuanced understanding of the provisions under CFR and challenges in the effective implementation of FRA will be discussed and addressed at all levels. Also, as Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) play a crucial role in securing livelihoods of the poor forest dwellers, an initiative will be made to organize PRI and GVAC and other local resource person on the issue of NTFP based livelihood promotion and create knowledge on the availability of NTFPs and gauge the potential of collection, gradation and management to create additional employment opportunities and thereby a training for the local   persons and project staff would be organized on forest livelihood linking with govt. schemes. Along with securing rights and entitlements to natural resources it will be necessary to strengthen forest based livelihoods, supporting sustainable Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) and accessing livelihood schemes at the local level. 

 

The specific objectives of the project are

•To initiate the process of access to forest entitlements and rights over resources through FRA, 2006 of the forest tribal community of 4 Panchayats of Sundarpahari block of Godda district of Jharkhand. 

•Increase networking with existing FRA groups to lobby and seek accountability from the government to implement the FRA, 2006.

 

This would be achieved by undertaking the following set of activities

•Half yearly sensitization and follow up meeting of Forest Right Committee and PRI functionaries on FRA with especially focus on CFR and re-filing of rejected claim at panchayat level (4 panchayat)

•Leadership and management training for FRC functionaries (Block Level)

•Two days Field Training of FRC members and selected local resource person on GPS

•Workshop of FRC functionaries, PRI and selected member of Gram Sabha on FRA

•Media Workshop on CFR District / Block level

•Convergence meeting with different departments for linking the claimants with different livelihood schemes and NTFPs

•District / Block level stakeholders meeting with DLC / SDLC on FRA (Half Yearly)  

•Regular Village Level Awareness program on FRA, NTFP based livelihood and convergence. 

•Facilitate the claim filing process under CFR, more specifically to help the community dwellers in collection of documentary evidences for filling the application for both IFR and CFR. 

•Strengthening linkages with Government departments and advocate for effective implementation of FRA. 

•Networking with other CSOs, PRIs and other state level networks. 

 

Results to be Achieved

•Recognition of 15% CFR Claim and 40 % IFR Claim submitted at FRC, SDLC and DLC level.

•Strengthening capacity of Gram Sabha and Forest Right Committee for preparing and recommending new IFR and CFR claims

•Strengthening district and state level network for regular advocacy for effective and speedier implementation of FRA in Jharkhand.

•Increased responsiveness of Government functionaries towards addressing the issues related to claims filed by the community.

•Networks and alliances respond to people’s issues in a coordinated manner on the issue of NRM especially IFR and CFR.

 

Prior Achievements

•Submission of 401 IFR claims for 470 acres at SDLC and DLC level. 86 IFR resubmitted with required documents

•Sensitization of SDLC, DLC and other govt. stakeholders towards implementation of FRA in Sunderpahari block of Godda district.

•Wider awareness about CFR among FRCs and village communities has been created. In 60% intervention villages CFR claim preparation has been initiated.

•There was existence of FRC (Forest Rights Committee) only in pen and paper before the project intervention. The members were not aware about their roles and responsibilities. After the completion of first year of the project intervention the FRC is working in 43 villages out of 55. As per new amendment of FRC the membership of the committee should consist of either 1/3rd women or tribals. We have total 516 members in 43 FRCs, out of which 86 are women and the rest are tribal population.

•Strengthening of Gram Sabha, FRC and PRI building their capacity on FRA. 

•Knowledge support provided to Gram Sabha under project village for preparing and filing claim. 

•Interface with members of Gram Sabha and other stake holder (Concerned department, govt. officials etc.)

•Regular advocacy with with welfare Departments, DLC and SDLC.

 

Quotes of Beneficiaries: 

“We will claim our forest right. We will have to save our forest to save our life”. – Narendra Pahariya  

Village - Tadobandh, Block : Sunderpahari, District : Godda, Jharkhand.

 

Case Studies/Human stories 

Bhima Soren, Vill :Chota Haripuri, Block : Sunderpahari, District : Godda, Jharkhand

Sadmuni Marandi lives in Chota Haripur village with her husband Bhima Soren and two daughters Amrita and Sunita. Sadmuni Marandi engages in agriculture work with her family on 1.5 bigha of forest land to survive. Her yearly house hold income is approx INR 10000-12000. 

Bhima Soren is a secretary of FRC committee of Chota Haripur but he was not aware about his duty and rights regarding FRA. Sadmuni attended training program organized by Badlao Foundation team and got aware about FRA. She motivated her husband Bhima Soren to attend next meeting to know their right on forest. 

She regularly started attending meeting on FRA with Bhima. Gradually Bhima got aware about FRC and about duty and right of secretary. Bhima got a chance to attend exposure visit on forest right at Gadchiroli (Maharashtra). During this exposure visit he saw the struggle and achievement of community. After returning from Gadchiroli he was full with positive energy. He called a meeting of FRC and discussed what he experienced with community of Gadchiroli. 

In leadership of Bhima Soren members of FRC started meeting with block level officials regarding FRA. They strengthened their books of records. Bhima Soren contacted Mukhiya Mrs. Manju and briefed her about condition of FRA’s issues like filling of application of CFR and IFR. She agreed about the situation and assured to support them. Mrs. Manju participated in trainings and meeting organized by Badlao Foundation team and now the process of filling application of CFR is on process. 

As a result of their effort the process for filing CFR is under process and community is following up regularly for it.