Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group


Project Period

01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016

Share this on

Sitamarhi is one of the most backward districts in Bihar. The region is highly prone to flood, fire, cold wave and earthquake, making growth in the region quite difficult. Among these natural disasters, flood and fire are recurrent phenomena and thereby considered as major issues in the district. Such disasters directly hit poor and marginalized population who are, in any case, most vulnerable. 

The project is an initiative proposed by ADITHI to be implemented in 15 flood prone villages under Bajpatti Block of Sitamarhi district in Bihar. The project will reach to 5 panchayats of Bajpatti block covering 3317 households. In essence, the overall goal is to increase resilience of vulnerable women, men and children living in disaster prone states like Bihar of Eastern India through promoting appropriate disaster risk reduction and adaptation measures, addressing policy implementation gaps in collaboration with state and non-state stakeholders. In the process of project implementation, Oxfam India will provide technical inputs to the project team on regular basis. 


The Project: 

To make a larger impact, the project aims to strengthen community institutions, local self governance and sensitization of block and district level officials for effective preparedness and response measures. Community involvement and their engagement have been envisaged at all levels right from the planning process. Constitutions of village level committees at all levels with adequate representation of women in all committees and team would be ensured. Special training will be providing for women in first aid, water and sanitation, rescue and evacuation, etc. 

Initiatives with a longer-term commitment to strengthen the existing community actions and mechanisms with community development approach through building of institutional structure, behavioural change and environment building will be a crucial element of the current project. The project would capacitate the vulnerable community to demand their rights and hold the government accountable. They will work as a pressure group and take up advocacy issues and would also contribute in creating awareness among the other community members.

The overall approach of the project is to facilitate a process as a result of which the targeted communities have enhanced capacity to reduce their disaster related vulnerabilities and to mitigate the risks associated with such disasters. The project intends to create a sustainable model for replication to cope with the disaster situations. It will also facilitate linkages between community and government so that community can access government programs besides empowering community on DRR and climate change adaptation for mitigation.


Strategic Objectives:   

  • To create strong community based organization for enhancing their coping capacities to withstand disaster risks due to climate related hazards through improved and sustained community level preparedness and adaptive measures. (Emergency Response Capacity Building)
  • To enable vulnerable community especially the SC, EBCs and Minorities living in flood prone areas to identify and manage public health risks with special reference to women and children.
  • To increase food and cash security through promotion & up- scaling of context specific (taking consideration the changing climate) agricultural package of practices such as SRI and Organic Farming.
  • To build organizational preparedness capacity of Adithi and its network partners with improved knowledge and skills for effective humanitarian response during disasters and enabling them to effectively take up emergent pro-people, pro-poor advocacy.



A.Enhance capacity and skills of community to emergency response.

•Developed, reviewed the community contingency plans by the GSS in 15 villages and their federations advocated for linkages with the panchayat/block for action and resource support. 

•45 capacitated volunteers have demonstrated readiness to response to emergency at local level.

•All the 15 Gram Sahayog Samitee and their federations are very active and dealing with different issues of the village.

B.Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

•The Village Health and Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) have been capacitated and they are actively dealing with the health and hygiene issues of the village. they have been very effective in using the untied fund. 

•Community of the all 15 villages has acquired adequate knowledge about health and hygiene practices.

•Models on raised hand pumps and flood proof latrines have been established and discussion with the government has been initiated for its wider replication.

C.Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL)

•15 women farmers clubs demonstrated use of their technical knowledge and information for improve and/or alternate approach of crop production considering vulnerabilities of their crop fields to disaster.

•Members of women farmers club trained on subjects such as varieties and methods of cultivation suitable for flood prone areas. 

•Two Kissan Pathshala has been established and supporting women farmers clubs for different types of cultivation.

•Members of farmers club with linkage to mainstream government institutions such as agricultural university, ATMA, NABARD etc.

D.Capacity Building of project partners for humanitarian response and advocacy 

•Capacitated NGOs, network member, community leaders and project staff ready for advocacy on issues of DRR.

•Established best practices of resilience at community level and documented for it for wider reliability.