Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change
01 Apr 2015 - 30 Mar 2016
Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change
01 Apr 2015 - 30 Mar 2016
Uttarakhand with its fragile ecosystem is one of the most vulnerable regions to climate-mediated risks. In June 2013, Uttarakhand was severely hit by heavy rain induced flash floods and landslides resulting in loss of innumerable lives, property, infrastructure and the shock which is still grappling number of people of the affected regions. Uttarakashi being one of the 4 districts (Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Uttarakashi) which was highly affected by the disaster in 2013, it is quite imperative to map and address the issues faced by the villagers and farmers of this region & take initiative for livelihood recovery of affected community specially small & marginal farmers. Moreover, the economy of Uttarakhand is primarily rural and highly dependent on climate sensitive sectors like agri-horticultural and livestock sectors. An increasing variation in precipitation (both rainfall and snow), and temperature can change soil moisture availability, plant behavior, pest susceptibility. Eventually, these changes impact growth and yields in agriculture, horticulture and forest species.
Post disaster, the primary focus & need of the people of the proposed project area is to revive their existing livelihood which predominantly is agriculture. So, restoration of existing agriculture & adding value to it by making it more climate resilient would be the prime focus of the project. Men & women will be organized in informal groups & will be capacitated on climate resilient agricultural practices. Input support will be given by the project to restore their existing agriculture
About the Project:
The project aims to contribute to recovery & restoration of livelihoods of disaster affected community through enhanced climate resilient practices The Project will be directly working with 735 farmers covering 10 villages of Naugoan Block of Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand for Livelihood recovery of disaster affected communities. The program incorporates both the men & women marginal farmers of the program area and includes Schedules Castes of 34% and Other Backward Class of 66%. Women farmers’ representation in the project is 60%. The Project focuses on revival of affected communities existing livelihoods which predominantly is agriculture. So, restoration of existing agriculture & adding value to it by making it more climate resilient would be the prime focus of the project. Men & women will be organized in informal groups & will be capacitated on climate resilient agricultural practice. During the project Small & Marginal farmers will become skilled, knowledgeable and acquire more resilience to climate changes by adopting low cost eco-friendly techniques required for promotion climate resilient crops & adapted to live sustainably with the fragile ecosystem of Himalayas. Activities like promotion of traditional crops & crop varieties will be promoted with better package of practice including SCI, promotion of IPM, commercial vegetable cultivation, polymer wire staking, poly tunnel, soil testing, promotion of farmers resource center, IT enabled development communication & interface with Government officials, scientists, technical experts etc are the core interventions of the project.
Results to be Achieved / Impact: The project intends to achieve
•Disaster affected families of 10 villages restored their livelihoods.
•735 farmers recovered livelihood options through climate resilient agricultural practices
•Income enhancement of 80% farmers by 25%
•80% farmers have access to climate resilient development communication through IT enabled systems
•80% farmers have access to markets & quality inputs through collective marketing & procurement by farmers institution prompted
•600 farmers are using stacking techniques, Poly house for nursery raising & doing commercial vegetable production in at least 0.25 acres of land
•60% farmers have soil sample analysed & are using balanced dose of fertilizers & organic compost/bio-fertilizers
•735 farmers of 10 villages have access to farm equipments through farmers resource centre
•Strong & vibrant groups with good governance & effective working system formed
•Better co-ordination & easy accessibility with government line departments, financial & insurance institutions, etc. developed
Outcomes: We have so far achieved (Achievements):
1.Promotion of 10 women farmers groups
2.Establishment of SMS bases development communication with 600 farmers for access to information on technology, weather, market, gov. schemes etc.
3.Village level plan developed for 5 villages for convergence with government schemes
4.500 women farmers capacitated on CRA practices through FFS, demonstration, training & exposures
5.500 farmers adopted better CRA practices in traditional crops
6.250 farmers adopted organic vegetable cultivation
7.Environment built for convergence & mobilizing funds from government schemes through interfaces & workshops with Gov officials
Case Studies/Human stories:
Mr. Om Prakash belongs to Naugaon block of Uttarkashi district. He owns an apple orchard in the region and majorly depends on income raised from it. He is also registered and taking services of digital information medium through HARC. He says that ‘Through the SMS service I get weather and other related information’. He says that he has to use at least 8 different kinds of sprays like insecticides, fungicides at different seasons of apple cultivation. Varied management has to be carried out for spraying purposes that includes water, labor, spray, machines, etc. Water for cultivation purpose has to be brought from a distance as facilities like pipeline and hand pump in orchard are not available.
A day before spray at least five labors are required for spray on one hectare land to carry six drums of water where labor cost per person is around 300 rupee. One spray activity takes around 2 days. Since spray is done by a manual machine using feet, thus it is a costly timely affair. Therefore, single pray requires around 8,000 rupees expenditure and if it rains soon after the spray, the plant gets no benefit and the same process need to start. The SMS services and information are helping me to carry out strategic planning and take well informed decisions. This kind of information is also beneficial to people like us who live in remote area and lack technical facilities. Correct information of weather at right time can save farmers primarily a relief for marginal’s’ from acute loss, as it happened with me.