01 Apr 2015 - 01 Mar 2016
01 Apr 2015 - 01 Mar 2016
The second and final deadline of complete enactment of ‘The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act (henceforth RTE Act) has completed. On completion of this final deadline merely 6.4% of the schools in the state is RTE compliant. It took four year for formation of state commission for protection of child rights which is the monitoring body for implementation of RTE Act which delayed priority in its implementation. Still more than three lakhs posts of teachers are vacate in the state.
On completion of five years of RTE Act, Oxfam India had launched the nationwide campaign ‘Haq Banta Hai’ to bring attention of government towards effective implementation of RTE Act. In the state in collaboration with state education department a massive campaign was rolled out to track and bring all out of school in the formal schooling. The ground reality is that only 50% of the children are in government schools rest of the parent choose to send their children in private schools with the assumption of having good quality of education in private schools which is merely a myth. The entire campaign was built on this and effort was made to regain trust of parent towards public education system. This year panchayat election is also scheduled which will change in the leadership positon under panchayati raj system. PRI (Panchayati Raj Institution) members are treated as local authority to receive first level of grievance redrssal thus their capacity and pro-activeness is also important for grievance redressal under RTE Act and improvement of school education.
SMCs plays a vital role in planning school improvement plan, tracking implementation of RTE Act and raising issues related to RTE implementation through grievance redressal system. Their capacity and activation is also pre-requisite for improvement in quality of education at school level.
About the Project:
Project focuses on the inclusion of Musahar children in mainstream education by strengthening capacities of school management committees, Musahar parenets, children, teachers and PRI members. This will be achieved through effective implementation of RTE Act in eastern UP by tracking implementation by Musahar parents. Tracking of out of school Musahar children will be done through transact walk and they will be enrolled in their neighbourhood schools.
To do collective advocacy on the issue of education of Musahar and Dalit children collective advocacy will be done with Dalit Action Group (collective of CSOs advocating on Dalit child education) and issues of discrimination, exclusion and backwardness of Musahar and Dalit children will be highlighted across eastern UP. Collective will also strive to include nomadic schedule caste, dalit children and most deprived children to mainstream them in formal education. By engaging with state commission for protection of child rights (SCPCR), issues related to RTE with special focus on Musahar children will be highlighted and grievance will be forwarded to take appropriate action from government.
This year special attention will be given towards inclusion of economically weaker section children in Uttar Pradesh. Under section 12 (C) there has been very little progress where only 65 children were enrolled in the academic year 2014-15. In the academic year 2015-16 this issue was highlighted in the state and admission process have started. Further in linkage with this initiative support will be provided to facilitate admission of EWS children in private schools.
Results to be Achieved / Impact:
Project aimed to achieve following things:
•Improve in enrolment, attendance and retention of Musahar children in 30 schools of project area.
•At least 50% increase in the enrolment of EWS children in private schools under sec 12 (1)- C of RTE Act.
•Strengthen collective advocacy around Musahar/ Dalit child education in eastern UP.
•Make a strong grievance redressal system at Panchayat and District level by raising issues around Musahar child education and RTE.
Project has so far achieved following things:
•286 out of school Musahar children were tracked and enrolled in the project area.
•SMCs have started tracking RTE implementation in 30 schools of the project area.
•Mobilized 20 MLAs, 5 MPs and 30 DMs in the 'Haq Banta Hai' campaign on completion of five years of RTE Act in eastern UP
•Collective of CSOs on Dalit and Musahar childrne have taken shape to raise voice on Musahar child education.
•There has been improvement in the hygienic condition of Musahar children of 30 schools of project area.
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“I will ensure 100% enrolment of all children of our community in my neighbourhood school. We will fight against any form of discrimination against our children and ensure their inclusion.”
Case Studies/Human stories:
It is important to be aware and not necessarily educated to bring positive changes in the society. With the strong believe Indirawati has proven this and created milestone for others to follow. Indirawati is an uneducated Musahar woman who is always ready for the education and inclusion of marginalized children of her community.
In her village most of parents migrates to other village in search of livelihood in showing and harvesting season. Due to illiteracy and lack of awareness government schemes were not reaching to her village. Only few persons have studied up to fifth are known as most literate person in their village. Children were mostly out of school and are involved in taking care of their younger sibling and in agricultural work along with their parents. Indirawati decided to enrol all children in to nearby school. She visited all house, meet with parents and convinced them to send their children into school. She enrolled 51 out of school children in primary school Fakirahwa tola.
Children were dirty and living in unhygienic condition. She conducted meetings with parents and children and gave the message to keep them neat and clean. In the school children were being discriminated by teachers. Behaviour of teacher was also very harsh towards children. One day teacher came drunk in the school in teaching hour. She took the initiative and made a complaint against it to Block and District Education Officers and teacher was suspended for his wrong doing.
She found that in her hamlet anganwadi was sanctioned but was not functional as anganwadi worker was from feudal caste. She never came to their village due to which children and women were not receiving any benefit from sanctioned anganwadi. Indirawadi organized women members from her community, went to dist head quarter and made a complaint against this to C.D.P.O and B.D.O (Block Development Officer). They tried to bribe Indirawati to settle the complaint made by her but she refused that. With her strong will anganwadi is now functional where children and women members are receiving supplementary food, counselling and pre-primary education without any discrimination.