Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change
01 Apr 2015 - 01 Mar 2016
Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change
01 Apr 2015 - 01 Mar 2016
Despite of agriculture being the main occupation of the Uttarakhand region, the average land holding per family is not more than 5-10 nali. Farmers are completely dependent on the rain. The current agricultural production fulfills on an average 3-6 months of food requirements; for rest of the months, the community has to be dependent on the market. Though the govt. has been implementing various schemes like MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), ATMA (Agriculture Technology Agency) Ajivika mission, Horticulture mission, Swarnajayanti Swarozgar Yojna etc. to improve the economic status of the community but due to poor implementation and inaccessibility of small and marginal farmers to these schemes, the marginalized communities and small farmers are not getting the expected benefits. In addition to the above factor, the adverse impact of climate is also affecting the availability of fuel wood, fodder, grasses and drinking water. As women are directly associated to collect these resources for their daily needs of household in uttarakhand hilly regions, therefore the impact is causing burdens on the women with pressing workload and increased stress level. The average land holding is less and as most of the lands are on the sloppy terrains therefore the usage of modern agricultural implements is minimal, as a result agricultural work becomes highly time-consuming, thus increasing women’s workload tremendously.
About the Project:
The project is helping the small and marginal farmers focusing women farmer of the project area to adapt in the changing climate conditions. The focused intervention in the program is to develop a mechanism to cope with the impact of climate change. The project will be promoting field based technological interventions that are sustainable and will also improve the micro-climatic conditions. The focus will be on reducing the drudgery, strengthening the economy and food availability at house hold level. The program is being carrying different activities viz. in the conservation of traditional crops, improving agriculture practices through crop intensification, promotion of integrated low cost production activities and linkage with the government schemes and benefits. The project will be closely working with the 998 farmers of 13 villages of the Bhilangana & Jakhridhar blocks of Tehri district in Uttarakhand.
Results to be Achieved/Impact:
•60% households have Availability of food from own farm round the year.
•60% households income is enhanced by 30 %
•At least 50% of farmers adopt climate resilient agriculture practices.
•At least 20% of villages developed as models for smallholder farmers demonstrating use of Climate Resilient Agriculture practices.
•At least 30 % women farmers have easy access to fodder
•Productivity of major crops is enhanced by 30%
•500 women farmers having access to seed, fertilizers, equipments etc. Through 17 seed banks & 4 support centres
Outcomes: We have so far achieved (Achievements):
1.Employment generation in villages through offseason vegetable production, organic manure preparation, poultry rearing, animal husbandry and vermicomposting.
2.Develop the skills of the farmers by linking them with market, Panchayati Institutions and government departments for availing the Government schemes at village level.
3.The Government departments have been sensitized in terms of developing a state level plan on climate change and build awareness of groups on the subject.
4.13 seed banks promoted under the project are catering the needs of 500 farmers
5.6 village agricultural plans were developed for convergence with Gov schemes & departments.
6.5 Support center established for easy access to farm implements & tools
7.300 farmers adopted SRI & SWI technologies which has enhanced productivity of paddy by 30% & wheat by 27%
8.Large scale fodder plantation has significantly reduced drudgery of women farmers.
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“Vermi-compost pit, drip irrigation and poly house has been a blessing to the vegetable cultivation”, Dharmendar Singh
Case Studies/Human stories:
Mount valley development association working in Bhingana block under Tehri Garhwal district since last 17 years. Oxfam India and Dorabji Tata trust have supported us throughout the journey to work with the rural community in the system of rice intensification & fodder development. In Falenda Gram Panchayat we are operating with the women's community through the establishment of self help groups, where training, capacity building programs and exposure visits were organized efficiently based on rice intensification and ensure food security through climate resilient sustainable agriculture.
Practical demonstrations were created for the SHG members about seed selection, nursery preparation, subject area preparation, sapling transplantation, weed management, organic manure and water management. Even after getting the entire training none of the women farmers were ready to accept the technique except Gita Devi. She was the one who got down in her one Nali personal land. Again she inspired some other farmers to adopt the new technique in their half nali lands as experimental basis. Referable to the transplanting of younger sapling they have faced many problems in the process. While Gita devi alone prepared Panchgavya, Matkakhad, Amrit Ghol for all other farmers and use weeder twice for better weed management. She also engaged other women to visit her plots occasionally to see the difference with the traditional way and intensification technique. She also disseminates the knowledge of rice intensification with many more farmers.
When the result time arrives the yield measured in front of all farmers' communities and it was set up that the SRI yielding at least double in comparison to the traditional technique. It prompted her to push the technique in the entire gram Panchayat. 123 farmers were brought out this novel technique in their 300 nali’s land where the integral preparation and promotion entirely conducted with the active leadership of Gita Devi.
Even in case of fodder development her role was equally inspirational. She has demonstrated various forage grass and fodder tree in her personal lands. Again she collected women’s and converting community waste land for fodder development purpose. The variety of work done by the Gita Davi is not entirely treasured by the full community of the neighborhood as an inspiration to many more who are belonging to the territory. Her presence depicts a woman farmer who not only promoted good agriculture practice, but also connects more people to serve the environment, water management, promotion of organic farming and fodder development. She is an example for all of us beyond the boundary of that small village.