Gene Campaign

Project Theme

Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 Apr 2015 - 30 Mar 2016

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Introduction

Uttarakhand is one of the poorest and the most climate sensitive mountainous state in India with three-fourths of its total population dependent on agriculture. The area under cultivation is around 14.5 per cent with majority of the agriculture land is rain fed. There is growing evidence that suggests of observed changes in the temperature and soil moisture content having negative impact on the agricultural production of the state. Since the production greatly depends on favorable weather conditions, mainly on the monsoons interval and sufficiency, erratic monsoon quickly translates into huge crop losses – and subsequently threatens the food security of the people.  Nearly half of Uttarakhand population lives below the poverty line with majority of the people located in the hilly Districts prone to climate change compared to the plains. Rural poverty in Uttarakhand is estimated at 40.8%, urban poverty at 36.5% and total poverty at 39.6% (Source: Uttarakhand state perspective plan 2009-2027, Watershed Management Directorate, Dehradun and Annual Administrative Progress Report 2008-2009) 

The poor are dependent upon subsistence agriculture for their livelihoods, and climate change poses an additional risk to their livelihoods. Landslides, soil erosion, heavy rainfall, and degraded ecosystem directly affect their livelihoods with fewer alternatives to cope with these changes. Among the poor the most vulnerable are the women as they typically have disproportionate access to resources and opportunities – less pay for the same work as men, less access to schools, less access to health services, less social and political status than men. The changes in precipitation and temperature patterns affect the availability of fuel wood, fodder and drinking water. As women are directly responsible for collection of these resources for their daily needs at the household level, forced to walk long distances in search for the supplies with increased drudgery and stress conditions. 

 

About the Project: 

The project is implemented with a vision to Build Resilience and increased economic leadership of smallholders specifically women farmers in Uttarakhand. The project will be focusing primarily on bringing changes in the lives of the most vulnerable groups i.e., women, Dalits, and other socially deprived communities having limited resources to cope with newer challenges. The program will be disseminating awareness on the impact of climate change with an objective to improve lives and livelihood of the people, enhance access to resources, and to develop a region specific resilient agriculture practices through reviving of traditional crops and initiating a favorable market with better premiums for the produce. The program will be covering 1332 households of 25 villages in Ramgarh & Dhari block of District Nainital. 

 

Results to be Achieved / Impact: The project intend to achieve following results by the end of the year: 

•750 women farmers trained on CRA practices

•400 farmers adopted CRA practices

•4 Farmers field school established

•250 women farmers have easy access to fodder 

•100 farmers are doing  horticulture plantation

•5 villages developed participatory agricultural development plan for convergence

 

Outcomes: We have so far achieved (Achievements):

1.Promotion of 23 women farmers groups 

2.Establishment of 4 Farmers Field School to promote community led extension system in 7 villages

3.Conducted participatory trials with 10 paddy & 6 millet varieties to identify farmer preferred climate resilient varieties for further replication & promotion

4.Village level plan developed for 5 villages for convergence with government schemes

5.450 women farmers capacitated on CRA practices through FFS, demonstration, training & exposures

6.100 farmers planted horticultural plants for additional income from 

7.4 polyhouses constructed to support vegetable cultivation by quality sapling to 120 women farmers

8.250 women farmers were supported for fodder plantation so that they can have easy access to fodder during lean periods

9.200 farmers were capacitated on DRR & WASH practices 

10.Environment built for convergence & mobilizing funds from government schemes through interfaces & workshops with Gov officials