Navrachna

Project Theme

Natural Resource Management

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016

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Introduction

Since India gained political independence in 1947, protected areas and development projects like dams, mines, industries, roads etc has displaced millions of people, largely Adivasis.  Planning Commission estimates 21.3 million people were displaced by development projects between 1951 and 1990 alone.  There was no rehabilitation, and people of all ages were driven away from their homes, forests and agricultural land, to make way for plantations and wildlife areas too. Enactment of Forest Rights Act (FRA) with the objective to address the historical injustice to forest dwelling communities brought some hope.  Navrachna started working on empowering the community to demand their rights as envisages in FRA to strengthen their control over forest for livelihood and sustainability. 

The key issue, particularly of Adivasi community in the area where Navrachna is working are- displacement, mainly from the forest due to Project Tiger, and also from the rampant industrialization, related to steel, power and sponge iron, and coal and bauxite mining.  Implementation of basic services and livelihood related policies, like MGNREGA is poor.  

Such situation leading to distress migration of vulnerable tribal groups, making them further vulnerable due to resource-less-ness. 

 

About the Project: 

Navrachna started working on the project to ensure livelihood security to vulnerable adivasi community of Korba district through demanding rights to control their natural resources through FRA since 2012 with the help of Oxfam India’s intervention under Economic Justice.  Till last year the major focus was on follow up of the FRA as well as proper implementation of MNREGA by empowering the people to assert for their rights and demanding the ownership of forest and taking the onus of protection and management of the forest, particularly protection and plantation in those areas where the community forest rights act has been claimed by the gram sabha. Applying provision of Right to Information to seek transparency in payment of wages motivated young cadre to ensure delivery of pending wages amounting to Rs 95 thousand to 140 villagers.  

In the current year the focus was on the strengthening Gramsabha and the FRCs to have dialogue with the state agency at Sub division and District level for recognizing their rights. Also having already made their claims to community forest rights and without govt support people take the responsibility of managing and protecting their own forest. Also, 69 OTFDs successfully filed appeals to their rejected claims in the SDLC level.

This year focus would be on empowerment of the villagers on consolidating their resources and prioritize the village’s plans in the development paradigm.

 

Results to be Achieved / Impact: 

The current project with support of Oxfam India, emphasize on the following strategies:

•Strengthening campaign for implementation of FRA in the intervention area. 

•Consolidate various efforts in the state to expand the advocacy impact for strengthening livelihood of the community. 

•Creating knowledge base at grassroots for seeking greater participation in right based accountable governance.   

The project directly helps 8000 adivasi people to claim individual and community entitlement on forest land and resources to strengthen their livelihood.   Due to Navrachna’s engagement at state level campaign and network, indirectly huge number of adivasi families be benefited. 

Objective (1):  30 percent of tribals in the intervention area would have got their land entitlement under FRA.

* 30 percent of tribal households get joint entitlement.

* 20 percent of villages would have successfully claimed the community rights. 

Objective (2): 30 percent of the households got 100 days job under NREGA during last one year.

* 30 percent of the households would have received full payment in time.

* 25 percent of the villages would have increased assets created for local climate and disaster resilience of the socially excluded people.

Objective (3):  Almost none of the households reporting incidents of discrimination while accessing NREGA and FRA rights and entitlements. 

* Perception of the socially excluded communities towards responsiveness of government service delivery changed.

 

Outcomes: We have so far achieved (Achivements):

Under FRA, over 400 individual claims have been filed, and most of them either received title or sent for appeal to correct the titles. . 

16 villages so far has prepared the CFR Claims and mapping of the resources, while 10 of them have duly filed the claims at appropriate level. 

Village FRCs is trained in the process, and their block level federation is soon going to be initiated. 

Dues of wages have been provided under MGNREGA to the community in 12 villages through active support of vigilance committee and cadres.

Resource and livelihood planning is initiated in 3 villages. 

Capacity Building of community, their leaders, field workers, like-minded NGOs, and state level alliance has been done through series of training, workshop, consultation on implementation of NREGA, FRA, including CFR.