Disaster Risk Reduction
01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016
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The coastal district of Puri, is not new to the devastation brought about by floods. Each year, the monsoon season brings destruction and irreparable loss to the economy in these areas where communities are mostly engaged in farming and/or fishing. A predominantly agrarian region, floods damage both crops and cultivable land. High incidence of reduction in daily food intake has been reported with less than a third of the total population having any reserves of food. Population displacement during floods is widespread as thousands of women, men and children are forced to move to higher ground such as embankments and roads. Communities in this region have always been struggling to cope with cyclones, floods and flood related hazards. Naturally, the indigenous communities living in these areas have developed coping mechanisms over time that have become ingrained in their lifestyles and traditions – for example, housing, agriculture, livestock rearing, food storage, and weather and flood predictions – and these have helped them cope with, and adapt to, the impacts of such hazards. But ‘traditional’ mechanisms fall short in the face of the increasing frequency and intensity of floods in these areas today. Factors such as climate change, environmental damage, infrastructure development, population increase, decreasing agricultural productivity and the overall neglect of government to address these issues – have all contributed to the inability of communities in this region to cope with the floods and emerging disasters that plague the area.
About the Project:
Following are the important components of the current project
- Strengthening Coping mechanism and risk preparedness in context to water, Sanitation and Hygiene management in disaster prone areas.
- Secure livelihood through improved agriculture techniques, technologies to reduce agricultural risk and crop loss; diversifying livelihoods to reduce risks; and risk manage community livelihood portfolio enhance income
- Ensure effective implementation of National Disaster Management Act 2005 and safety net programmes like NREGS, PDS and others
Results to be achieved:
- 70% of Targeted communities in villages demonstrate capacity to take positive community actions during disasters to prevent and reduce losses.
- 10 targeted schools have improved capacity to provide protection to school children from disasters and diseases within the school premises.
- Knowledge products in DRR are generated for adoption, replication and learning.
- 70% of the targeted communities have increased access to hazard-resilient WASH facilities and demonstrate improved hygiene practice
- Framer groups in 10 villages have technical knowledge to prevent and recover crop losses in different disaster scenarios.
- Targeted communities have increased local capacities to protect livestocks from disease before and after disasters.
- VDPCs and TFTs demonstrate capacity to directly engage with local Government and mobilise resources during and after disasters.
- Civil Society Organisations and their networks led by partner start lobbying for implementation of National DM Act 2005
- IAG odisha has a strong and sustainable structure in Odisha and IAG members have better coordination mechanisms for before, during and after disasters.
Implementation of the project in the 2nd year started in April 2014 and completed on 31st March 2015. Some of the major results achieved in the project are as follows;
- 15 CCPs and WaSH plans are developed through participatory methods and understood and supported by all members of community in 15 villages in Puri. Plans are regulary tested through mock drills.
- Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 2432 households with disaster preparedness mock drills and training and response.
- Emergency facilities for search and rescue, Wash and livelihood protection are made available to the most vulnerable groups and is managed by community to carry out relevant mitigation and response tasks.
- 15 Search and Rescue teams gets refresher training on Search and Rescue and boat driving 2432 households will have access to search and rescue equipments at the community level itself.
- 2432 households in 15 villages have justifiable community confidence in Government’s early warning and emergency system. 15 nigrani samitis are capable in hazard and risk monitoring at local level for prevention and mitigation of impacts of disasters.
- 10 Schools in the project area have disaster preparedness plans and practice. Students made aware and thus their knowledge on WASH and practice level changes for safe water handling, defecation practices and personal hygiene improved.
- 15 WaSH committees have technical expertise for Dysinfecting, restoring and maintaining Drinking water sources in pre and post disaster period.
- 2432 hh people have access to resources to ensure safe drinking water pre and post disasters.
- 300 water sources are chlorinated during monsoon season to prevent diarrhoeal outbreak.
- Women group in the targeted villages follow improved hygiene and health practices pre and post disasters.
- 100 women have access to improved sanitation facilities before and during emergencies.
- As monsoon preparedness 1000 livestocks are vaccinated for prevention of disease outbreak.
- 200 HHs in 01 village have improved food security during floods and cyclones through facilities for food and asset storage during emergencies.
- 10 Farmer clubs perform effectively and develop linkages with Block and District level Agriculture officials. Farmers in the project area mobilise fund from Agriculture and horticulture department for preparation of vermi compost units and use of organic manure.
- Atleast 30% of most vulnerable Farmers in the target villages have access to government subsidies for agricultural inputs and other schemes. Atleast 30% of most vulnerable Farmers in the target villages have access to government subsidies for agricultural inputs and other schemes.
- CSO networking starts on the issues around proper implementation of National DM Act 2005 and start lobbying with government at different levels.
- WASH needs of the project villages acknowledged by RWS&S and health department and actions initiated to address the needs. A state level round table discussion organised on implementation issues of Niramal Bharat Abhijan (NBA) involving members from Odisha WASH Forum and other line dept. officials as well as media representatives.
- A state level workshop is conducted to appraise the current status of the implementation of the act in Odisha and further to ascertain the level of progress that has been made by the state in its effective implementation.
- A media fellow is supported to generate evidence based framework to assess the impact of existing relief guidelines on shared croppers. Fact finding reports and case studies developed from Puri, Jajpur and Balasore and gets disseminated through vernacular media and discussions at State level forums.
- A resource inventory for emergencies is developed by Odisha IAG and shared with key stakeholders for effective emergency management.
- WaSH forum is strengthened in Odisha.
- Strengthening Interagency group in Odisha for effective coordination in WaSH sector.
Quotes of Beneficiaries:
“We have received the access to safe drinking water, sanitation & hygiene. The villagers unite in times of disaster and support each other. We are dealing with the community problems in a much better and organized way now. ” - Manorama, Puri
Case Studies/Human stories:
In Haraspada, aproximately 65% of villagers (approx. 1500 people) regularly depend on pond water as the government and private installed deep handpumps are saline and iron contaminated. People are using pond water for drinking and cooking. These ponds are often multi-purpose use for bathing, washing, anal cleansing and open defecation practiced nearby and therefore pose a great health risk especially during monsoon/flooding times. This pond is regularly inundated (annually) with flood water during flooding times making the pond even more highly contaminated. Oxfam India with support from Solar, constructed a flood proof pond water filter. It provides a year round safely treated water source during non-flood and flood times. During non-emergency times it takes pond water and treats it to a safe level for drinking. During flood time it takes pond water inundated with floodwater and treats it to safe level for drinking. It has a capacity for 150 - 225 households (1000 – 1500 people) for their drinking and cooking needs. The entire filter is raised to 8ft above ground to ensure that it is flood proof as above high flood level and double access taps so that people can still use during flood times. It has two collection areas – one at ground level for normal times, one above high flood level for use only during emergency flooding times. It takes contaminated pond water, pumps it to the upper tank level. The water then flows by gravity and displacement through a series of 6 chambers filled with various materials (large stones, small stones, sand and wood charcoal) which purify the water. The water is then stored and can be accessed by taps on the ground during normal times and taps at platform height during flooding times.