Pallishree

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Others

Project Period

01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016

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Introduction

Jajpur district is one of the most flodd prone districts of Odisha. The 2008 floods which claimed lives of 110 people had affected 4.45 lakh hec of cropped area. There were 1276 breaches in the canal embankments during that flood. Jajpur was on of the worst hit districts. The most vulnerable regions comprises of 16 GPs of Bari Block and 2 GPs of Binjharpur Block of Jajpur Block. Particularly, region from Brahmani Left embankment from Barabati Bridge to Aul Ring Bundh is most vulnerable. Nearly 1.80 lakh people from Rasulpur to Aul Block are affected by recurrent floods. Each year, the monsoon season brings destruction and irreparable loss to the economy in these areas where communities are mostly engaged in farming and/or fishing. A predominantly agrarian region, floods damage both crops and cultivable land.  High incidence of reduction in daily food intake has been reported with less than a third of the total population having any reserves of food.  Population displacement during floods is widespread as thousands of women, men and children are forced to move to higher ground such as embankments and roads. Communities in this region have always been struggling to cope with cyclones, floods and flood related hazards.  Naturally, the indigenous communities living in these areas have developed coping mechanisms over time that have become ingrained in their lifestyles and traditions – for example, housing, agriculture, livestock rearing, food storage, and weather and flood predictions – and these have helped them cope with, and adapt to, the impacts of such hazards.  But ‘traditional’ mechanisms fall short in the face of the increasing frequency and intensity of floods in these areas today.  Factors such as climate change, environmental  damage,  infrastructure development,  population increase, decreasing agricultural productivity and the overall neglect of government to address these issues – have all contributed to the inability of communities in this region to cope with the floods and emerging disasters that plague the area.

 

About the Project:

Following are  the important components of the current project

  • Strengthening Coping mechanism and risk preparedness in context to water, Sanitation and Hygiene management in disaster prone areas.
  • Secure livelihood through improved agriculture techniques, technologies to reduce agricultural risk and crop loss; diversifying livelihoods to reduce risks; and risk manage community livelihood portfolio enhance income
  • Ensure effective implementation of National Disaster Management Act 2005 and safety net programmes like NREGS, PDS and others 

 

Results to be achieved: 

  1. 10 CCPs and WaSH plans are developed through participatory methods and understood and supported by all members of community in 10 villages in Jajpur. 
  2. Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 2840 households with disaster preparedness plans, mock drills and training and response.  
  3. Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 2840 households with disaster preparedness mock drills and training and response. Plans are regularly tested and updated. 
  4. 01 most vulnerable village have access to all critical infrastructure during floods through the community managed country boat
  5. Trainings to the VDPCs on book keeping, planning and financial management
  6. 10 Schools in the project area have disaster preparedness plans and practice. Students made aware and thus their knowledge on WASH and practice level changes for safe water handling, defecation practices and personal hygiene improved.
  7. Atleast one Disaster Preparedness activity organised in joint collaboration with the DDMA and NDRF in the targeted villages
  8. 02 Interface meetings with respective line departments and VDPCs and Farmer groups. 
  9. 1000 livestocks are immunised to prevent livestock diseases during and after disasters 
  10. 10 villages have local capacities and technical knowledge for livestock protection during disasters.  
  11. 10 WaSH committees have technical expertise for Disinfecting, restoring and maintaining Drinking water sources in pre and post disaster period. 
  12. 05 target village will have access to resources to  ensure safe drinking water pre and post disasters
  13. Atleast 70% of the residents demonstrate safe hygiene practices, have the knowledge of safe handling, storage and treatment of water and basic knowledge to prevent public health emergencies. 
  14. 300 water sources are chlorinated during monsoon season to prevent diarrhoeal outbreak. 1120 hh will have access to resources to  ensure safe drinking water pre and post disasters. 

 

Prior Achievements:

Implementation of the project in the first year started in April 2013 and completed on 31st March 2014. Some of the major results achieved in the first year of the project are as follows;

  • 10 CCPs and WaSH plans are developed through participatory methods and understood and supported by all members of community in 10 villages in Jajpur. Plans are regulary tested through mock drills.
  • Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 2840 households with disaster preparedness mock drills and training and response.
  • Emergency facilities for search and rescue, Wash and livelihood protection are made available to the most vulnerable groups and is managed by community to carry out relevant mitigation and response tasks. 
  • 15 Search and Rescue teams gets refresher training on Search and Rescue and boat driving 2840 households will have access to search and rescue equipments at the community level itself.
  • 2840 households in 15 villages have justifiable community confidence in Government’s early warning and emergency system. 15 nigrani samitis are capable in hazard and risk monitoring at local level for prevention and mitigation of impacts of disasters. 
  • 10 Schools in the project area have disaster preparedness plans and practice. Students made aware and thus their knowledge on WASH and practice level changes for safe water handling, defecation practices and personal hygiene improved.
  • 15 WaSH committees have technical expertise for Dysinfecting, restoring and maintaining Drinking water sources in pre and post disaster period. 
  • 2840 hh have access to resources to  ensure safe drinking water pre and post disasters. 
  • 300 water sources are chlorinated during monsoon season to prevent diarrhoeal outbreak. 
  • 70% of Women in the targeted villages follow improved hygiene and health practices pre and post disasters. 
  • As monsoon preparedness 1000 livestocks are vaccinated for prevention of  disease outbreak. 
  • 200 HHs in 01 village have improved food security during floods and cyclones through facilities for food and asset storage during emergencies.
  • 10 Farmer clubs perform effectively and develop linkages with Block and District level Agriculture officials. Farmers in the project area mobilise fund from Agriculture and horticulture department for preparation of vermi compost units and use of organic manure. . 
  • Atleast 30% of most vulnerable Farmers in the target villages have access to government subsidies for agricultural inputs and other schemes. Atleast 30% of most vulnerable Farmers in the target villages have access to government subsidies for agricultural inputs and other schemes.
  • CSO networking starts on the issues around proper implementation of National DM Act 2005 and start lobbying with government at different levels.
  • WASH needs of the project villages acknowledged by RWS&S and health department and actions initiated to address the needs. A state level round table discussion organised on implementation issues of Niramal Bharat Abhijan (NBA) involving members from Odisha WASH Forum and other line dept. officials as well as media representatives. 
  • A state level workshop is conducted to appraise the current status of the implementation of the act in Odisha and further to ascertain the level of progress that has been made by the state in its effective implementation.
  • A media fellow is supported to generate evidence based framework to assess the impact of existing relief guidelines on shared croppers.  Fact finding reports and case studies developed from Puri, Jajpur and Balasore and gets disseminated through vernacular media and discussions at State level forums.  
  • A resource inventory for emergencies is developed by Odisha IAG and shared with key stakeholders for effective emergency management. 
  • WaSH forum is strengthened in Odisha. 
  • Strengthening Interagency group in Odisha for effective coordination in WaSH sector. 

Quotes of Beneficiaries:

“Pallishree(through it DRR programmes) helped me to serve the community in a more systematic manner. I am grateful to them for providing me the opportunity to work for disaster affected communities since 2003. It has given a meaning to my life post retirement. I want to work for my people till my last.” 

 

Case Studies/Human stories: 

After his retirement, Mr. Madan Mohan Pati joined pallishree as a senior volunteer and support in community mobilization in the flood prone villages in Bari. Pati himself is from a severely flood prone village called Kshemeshwar in Jajpur. Earlier he have had served the Indian army as a soldier for nearly 16 years. He seemed influenced with Oxfam and Pallishree’s, 2003 flood response work and expressed his interest to volunteer for Pallishree. He got associated with Oxfam supported disaster preparedness programme since then. His experience in the Army came in handy in various disaster preparedness activities like the search and rescue, first aid, relief shelter management, relief distribution etc. He utilized his skills from the banking services dexterously in SHG and DRR group management. He has an exceptional ability to mobilize communities, which he has often used to bring them together in mitigating the impacts of almost annually recurrent floods.

Due to aging he is gradually withdrawing from intensive field works and campaigns. But he continues to mentor the villagers on key development issues of their locality. He is still supporting Pallishree by influencing and mobilizing communities for resilience and disaster preparedness. His continuous engagement towards behavioral changes for safe WaSH practices has reaped good results and people in the locality have demonstrated comparatively better WaSH attributes before and during humanitarian emergencies. He is also engaged in grass root advocacy on issues of Environment, Education and Women Empowerment. He has definitely motivated people of all age groups including the senior citizens to volunteer for a development and resilience in his locality. He mobilized the volunteer groups in Bari during the 2014 floods in Jajpur and initiated a public health campaign to control the spread of the epidemics.