Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group


Project Period

01 Apr 2015 - 31 Mar 2016

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Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state in India. With a population of over 75 million, it is prone to natural disasters including cyclones, flooding and drought on an annual basis.  Over the last century the state has been battling with natural disaster: One hundred cyclones in as many years, with major cyclones striking in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1996 and 2003.  

Vishakhapatnam district with its of 11,161 sq km spread has a population of 42,88,113 (2011 )men population 21,40,872.,women population 21,47,241 and density  of population in the district  total of 43 Mandals out of 9 mandals are coastal mandals  these are  located  Bay of  Bengal (see map in below). The Literacy rate of the district is  59.96 % and the Annual Average temperature in degree Celsius: 26.0.

NGOs respond to every disaster scenario in Andhra Pradesh apart from the huge relief operations of state government.  The recurring disasters, followed by exhaustive mobilization of relief and rehabilitation have, time and again clearly exposed the lack of preparedness both at state and community level.  Local villages have been powerless to defend themselves against the might of the cyclones and flooding.  Typically the poorest people live in the areas most affected by the flooding and their poverty prevents them from taking measures to guard against the annual extreme weather.  Houses are flimsy and not able to withstand torrents of water; livelihoods are swept away (seeds, tools, cattle) and most importantly fishing boats are lost. Years after the occurrence of these disasters there are still many fishermen who cannot go fishing because there is no way they can regain their fishing tools. 

Given the above scenario the project has been conceived to increase preparedness of coastal communities , especially the fisher folk, strengthen the existing coping mechanisms and build resilience by improving the already existing WASH condition and securing their livelihoods.


About the Project: Following are  the important components of the current project

  • Strengthening Coping mechanism and risk preparedness in context to water, Sanitation and Hygiene management in disaster prone areas.
  • Secure livelihood through improved agriculture techniques, technologies to reduce agricultural risk and crop loss; diversifying livelihoods to reduce risks; and risk manage community livelihood portfolio enhance income
  • Ensure effective implementation of National Disaster Management Act 2005 and safety net programmes like NREGS, PDS and others 


Results to be achieved: 

  • 10 CCPs and WaSH plans are developed through participatory methods and understood and supported by all members of community in 10 villages in Balasore
  • Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 10 vulnerable villages with disaster preparedness plans, mock drills and training and response.  
  • 10 TFTs have increased capacity to support their community in evacuation and first aid during emergencies
  • Office level Contingency Plan is prepared
  • Formal and Informal linkages to technical experts, local authorities, NGOs etc is established to assist 10 vulnerable villages with disaster preparedness plans, mock drills and training and response.  
  • 4 Schools in the project area have disaster preparedness plans. Students made aware and thus their knowledge on WASH and practice level changes for safe water handling, defecation practices and personal hygiene improved.
  • 70 disaster affected vulnerable fisher women have better access to livelihood resources and cope better with the impacts of past disasters.  
  • 300 disaster affected vulnerable fisher women have better livelihood skills and can cope better with disasters.  Additional livelihood resources are mobilised for traditional small scale fisherwomen.  
  • Status report on Cyclone Shelters in Vishakhapatnam district is prepared. Consultations with relevant Government departments for better and widespread facilities for cyclone risk mitigation. 


Prior Achievements:

  • Implementation of the project in the first year started in April 2011 and completed on 31st March 2012. Some of the major results achieved in the first year of the project are as follows;
  • Community Based Organisations like VDPC (10 nos.), WASH Committee (10 nos.), Livelihood groups (CBOs) (10 nos.), School Sanitation Club (10 nos.), have been formed/reformed and strengthened.
  • The volunteer’s forum in the project area has been strengthened.  Series of meetings, discussion have been held with these village level institutions to make them aware and build their capacity to make analysis of the situation independently, identify the issues/problems, develop contingency plan, WASH Plan and School Safety Plan etc.
  • As a result of the last year’s intervention, women participation has been increased at all level. Their membership and participation in planning as well as decision making have been increased in institutions like GKS, WASH committee VDPC and SHGs. 
  • Community Contingency Plans (CCPs) and WASH plans have been prepared in 10 project villages prepared following participatory process and different mapping exercise is readily available in all the 10 project villages. Task force members and volunteers are active in the project villages. They have successfully managed the 2011 flood response programme which was appreciated by the block as well as district administration. 
  • Knowledge and awareness of the village community and school students on Disaster Preparedness and WASH have been increased.  Open defecation has been minimised to a large extend as a result of construction of IHL in collaboration with RWS&S.
  • School Sanitation club formed in 10 project schools are working in their respective schools on WASH. The students trained on WASH are spreading message of cleanliness and personal hygiene, safe drinking water, need of hand washing, no to open defecation etc.
  • Members of Livelihood groups have been trained on the Post harvesting fish technology and production of value added fish products, also trained on all the welfare schemes of government and are able to mobilise support from existing schemes
  • Resources were mobilized from external stakeholders and beneficiaries got access to the benefits of Government subsidies, schemes and programmes. 


Quotes of Beneficiaries: 

“ I could not have reached to safety on my own. They (G.Ratna & V.Nokalamma ) came for my help. I don’t feel alone and unsafe anymore.”  

Sattemma, Chinna Mangamaripeta, Andhra Pradesh, during Phailin evacuation. 


Case Studies/Human stories: 

Cyclone Hudhud made a landfall in Vishakhapatnam on 9th October, 2014. The DRR villages were also one of the worst affected villages. In Mangamaripeta village many houses were severely damaged houses and some thatched houses were completely washed out. Some houses were partially damaged.  All thatched houses with mud walls were washed away and drowned into the sea. Women members from collectives, stated that their houses, boats and nets were severely damaged and most of them were beyond repair.  Ms. Sattiyamma, a wet fish vendor in her late forties and also a member of the women’s collective (Jalakanya) from Peda Mangamaripeta village lost everything in Hudhud.  She is a single (deserted) woman, staying with her son in mud walled thatched house near to the shore.  They both were forcefully taken to the relief shelter on the night of 11th October 2014.  Everything was drowned and washed away in the cyclone and but for the clothes on their bodies, they left with nothing. She lost her ration kept for a week days, clothes, cooking vessels and utensils, television set, small table, iron almirah, etc.  Now, she is homeless and staying in another collective member’s house 

DFYWA identified 70 cyclone affected women in 2 villages - china mangamaripeta, peda mangamaripeta Bheemunipatnam Mandal, and provided them livelihood support with the objective to increase the coping capacity of 70 fisherwomen by increasing their household income through provision of direct employment and value added skills in fish processing and marketing. DFYWA provided livelihood inputs to the beneficiaries and supported in hygienic processing of raw material (fish). A processing and packaging unit is established at China mangamaripeta. A marketing tie-up with KFDC (Karnataka Fisheries Development Corporation) and local supermarkets was ensured. The SHG had managed to establish a corpus of Rs 10,000/- in first month which would further be invested in the strengthening of the group.