Disaster Risk Reduction
01 Jul 2014 - 30 Jun 2015
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Each year, the mighty Brahmaputra River traversing across the length of Assam causes huge destruction and irreparable loss to the state’s economy which is largely agrarian during monsoon season. Several areas - including the districts of Morigaon, Lakhimpur, Jorhat, Golaghat and Darrang - are ranked as some of the most flood prone districts in the State. There is also a high presence of socially and economically vulnerable communities in these districts.Floods, flash floods, river-bank erosion, and sand casting (deposition of large amounts of sand by flood water) are the most frequent water- induced hazards in the eastern Brahmaputra basin in Assam. The combined impact of floods and land erosion has resulted in some villages disappearing altogether and migration of the displaced to new locations along the river. A predominantly agrarian region, vulnerability to floods is very high. Damage to crops and loss of cultivable land is devastating. Immediate damage is visible on roads, shelters, homes. High incidence of reduction in daily food intake has been reported with less than a third of the total population having any reserves of food.
Impact by partner
- 15 refresher trainings held for DRR core committee/Village Disaster Response Committee on early warning, first aid and camp management.
- 13 village mock drills were conducted by the humanitarian response committees/VDMCs along with partner staff (in coordination with Civil Defence department in some of the simulation exercises) in all the programme areas.
- 30 Raised Hand Pumps constructed with GPS coordinate mapping in Jorhat, Morigaon and Darrang districts. Trainings have been held for WASH committee members on safe usage/storage of water, chlorination of hand pumps, and linkages around water testing, and maintenance of hand pumps.
- 10 Communal Rain Water Harvesting units installed in lower primary schools
- 1218 families were provided with critical family water treatment units. In each programme area 406 households covering 11 villages were supported with family water treatment units. These units are low cost, easy maintenance units which communities can use for water treatment in both flood and non flood periods.
- A Total of 67 trainings have been undertaken by partner staff on capacity building of WASH committee members. Committee members are trained on public health promotion messages, chlorination of hand pumps, and monsoon preparedness.
- 1660 hand pumps were chlorinated in the reporting period by partner staff along with WASH committee members.
- As part of livelihood generation, 60 vulnerable women were trained and provided Kitchen Garden support. Coriander, chilli, cabbage, radish, and beans were provided as part of kitchen garden support. 50 women in Morigaon/MMM programme area were provided support for dry fishing.