Mount Valley Development Association (MVDA)

Project Theme

Small Holder Agriculture & Climate Change

Target Group

Women

Project Period

01 Jul 2014 - 30 Jun 2015

Share this on
Introduction

Despite of agriculture being the main occupation of the Uttarakhand region, the average land holding per family is not more than 5-10 nali. Farmers are completely dependent on the rain. The current agricultural production fulfills on an average 3-6 months of food requirements; for rest of the months, the community has to be dependent on the market. Though the govt. has been implementing various schemes like MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act), ATMA (Agriculture Technology Agency) Ajivika mission, Horticulture mission, Swarnajayanti Swarozgar Yojna etc. to improve the economic status of the community but due to poor implementation and inaccessibility of small and marginal farmers to these schemes, the marginalized communities and small farmers are not getting the expected benefits. In addition to the above factor, the adverse impact of climate is also affecting the availability of fuel wood, fodder, grasses and drinking water. As women are directly associated to collect these resources for their daily needs of household in uttarakhand hilly regions, therefore the impact is causing burdens on the women with pressing workload and increased stress level. The average land holding is less and as most of the lands are on the sloppy terrains therefore the usage of modern agricultural implements is minimal, as a result agricultural work becomes highly time-consuming, thus increasing women’s workload tremendously.

Impact by partner
  • Employment generation in villages through offseason vegetable production, organic manure preparation, poultry rearing, animal husbandry and vermicomposting.
  • Develop the skills of the farmers by linking them with market, Panchayati Institutions and government departments for availing the Government schemes at village level.
  • The Government departments have been sensitized in terms of developing a state level plan on climate change and build awareness of groups on the subject.
  • 13 seed banks promoted under the project are catering the needs of 500 farmers
  • 300 farmers adopted SRI & SWI technologies which has enhanced productivity of paddy by 30% & wheat by 27%
  • Large scale fodder plantation has significantly reduced drudgery of women farmers.

Case Study

Name of the Farmer: Sarijni Devi

Husband’s name: Bisan Singh Mengwal

Village: Falenda

Block: Bhilangana

District: Tehri Garwal

Sarjani Devi was the 1st farmers who agreed for the demonstration of SWI in 1 naali of land after the training on SWI in village Falenda. She took initiative in mobilizing other farmers of her group to do at least hali of SWI. She took her husband into confidence & he supported her in land preparation & seed sowing. She asked other members of her group to visit her field & learn the technicalities & practice in their own field. She prepared Panchgrava & matka Kaad & instead of applying chemical fertilizer she applied vermin compost, panchgravya & matka kaad in her field. She took initiative in training & exposing other members of her group during all critical stages of the crop. She did two weeding & hoeing by cono weeder. Initially the plot was not looking good as plant population was very low to more spacing recommended for SWI. But 30-40 days & two times weeding, the 2 seeds sown proliferated 15-20 tillers. Now her plot was looking much better than the conventional wheat as in conventional wheat there were hardly 5-8 tillers per hill. All other members of her started visiting her field. Farmers from other villages started asking her that which variety she has used? Is it a hybrid or what? She very enthusiastically use to share that this the SWI and this is her traditional seed not any hybrid seed. When the crop was ready to be harvested afield day was organized in the village & a comparative analysis was done. After harvesting it was found that SWI has yield 1.5 times higher than the convention wheat. She was very happy with the higher yield & started promoting SWI in her village. This year she mobilized 22 farmers to do SWI. She visited all field, trained all farmers & provided hand holding support to ensure that they also get such results which she got. This year all farmers got 1.25 to 1.5 times higher yield through SWI. Sarojni Devi has done a remarkable job to promote the technology.