Nav Jagriti

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Dalits

Project Period

01 Apr 2014 - 31 Mar 2015

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Introduction

Bihar is prone to multi-hazards like flood, earthquake, high wind velocity, cold wave as well as recurrent village fires in summer. Flood situation is most severe in the northern plains of Bihar. The problem is aggregated due to water-logging by poor drainage arrangements and embankments.

Samastipur is interspersed with the Ganga, the Bagmati, the Kareh, and the Burhi Gandak besides many other small rivers and faces the fury of floods almost every year. The proposed villages are 20 from 10 Gram Panchayats in the Khanpur block of Samastipur, covers nearly 45,000 populations who are mostly Dalits, minorities and OBCs.

Impact by partner
  • The formation of Disaster Risk Reduction committee in all 20 Villages through the process has laid the foundation of strong community based institution at the village level to address the issues related to disaster. The community in the targeted villages are now more sensitive towards the following pre flood activities as - storage of dry food, Identification of vulnerable village, vulnerable people like old age, pregnant women, children and differentially able, strengthening of early warning system, participate in dummy practice of search rescue, awareness generation among the people on personal, domestic and environmental hygiene to reduce the vulnerability of diseases etc. Involvement of trained youth in relief and search rescue and do emergency work like distribution of food and non-food items among the people etc. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) study has been conducted and strategies of interventions will be adopted as per the recommendation of the study in this year. WASH interventions has been done in the school that has enhanced the knowledge of the students as well as teachers on the importance of practice of hand washing before the eating and after defecation, use of safe drinking water to avoid the transmission of communicable disease, practice of safe disposal of human excreta and importance of garbage and compost pits. Five hand pumps have been raised to ensure the safe drinking water to community people during the flood period. Interface meetings with the health officials, PHED, ICDS, working have been organized to sensitize them about their roles and responsibilities to provide service to the community people.
  • Under the food and income security, four farmers club have been formed through the process but there is need of formation of farmers club in all 20 villages. This year, in all remaining 16 villages, farmers club will be formed. Input supports of paddy seeds to the 407 farmers and wheat to the 195 farmers’ to increase the yield of the crop production through SRI and SWI have been given. The farmers have harvested the paddy crops and sown wheat. The production of paddy has increased as a result of which the farmers have surplus production.
  • Under the Network and Advocacy initiatives district level network workshop had been organized to address the issues of Disaster and vulnerability due to disaster in the areas of Health and Livelihood. In this regards, state level events with Oxfam partners to collate its best practices from its projects implemented in Bihar and capturing learning from it had been organized and learning had been shared to other partners, which are working on same aspect.

Case Study

Mr. Vijay Kumar Mahto, resides at Rewra village, in Khanpur Block, Samastipur. He has one and half acre of land that used to cultivate using chemical fertilizers. Since the start of the project, he has been an active member of Farmer Club.

As a part of the initiative, he got training on SRI methodology, use of SRI Seeds as well as formation of Vermicompost. He was first farmer in the operational area to use his skill and start SRI agriculture. He constructed 14 Vermin pits with the dimension of 10 feet (length) x 3 feet (width) x 3 feet (height) in the premises of his house. As soon as he installed the system, he started producing vermicompost to use it in this farm land.

Currently, his farming of one and half acre is fully supported by vermicompost that he procures and he has stopped procuring chemical fertilizer. As per his calculation, he saves Rs. 4,700 annually by producing fertilizer by his own. This has been motivational, to start producing vermicompost, to other farmers of his village. On the other hand, he is contributing to adapt and manage climate change.