Society for Participatory Action and Reflection (SPAR)

Project Theme


Target Group


Project Period

01 Apr 2014 - 31 Mar 2015

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Jharkhand has an extensive network of Government health institutions. There are 4462 sub centres, 368 additional PHCs, 193 block PHCs, 37 referral hospitals, 10 sub divisional hospitals, 22 Sadar hospitals, and 3 medical colleges and hospitals. However, despite these numbers, they still fall short of what is necessary and access to quality health services is a major issue. Furthermore, the sheer remoteness of several populations makes it difficult to access the health provisions that do exist.

Impact by partner
  • More than 60 % people from the targeted 20 villages have access to health entitlements under NRHM. 
  • Out of 120 deliveries in 20 villages, 102 were institutional deliveries. 53 were benefited through JSY scheme and 95 family benefitted by JSSK. 
  • 20 village health plan (VHP) prepared out of which 14 VHP were incorporated into block level health plan. 
  • 18 VHSNCs out of 20 received untied fund, out of which 12 VHSNCs had effectively utilized untied fund. In all 26 schools, SMCs has prepared the School Development Plan (SDP) (2013-14). Out of which 20 has been incorporated in the block level plan. 
  • In West Singhbhum district (SPAR project area) kitchen shed in 6 schools, classrooms in 3 schools and repairing of hand pumps in 3 schools has been accomplished. 
  • 10 CBOs from 20 target villages are helping community members towards accessing services and tracking delivery of quality health services and entitlements as well as monitoring SDP. 
  • 8 PRI members are providing support to VHSNCs and SMCs in implementation and monitoring of VHP and SDP respectively. 17 villages have started implementing and monitoring micro health plan. 
  • 17 SMCs started implementing and monitoring School Development Plan (SDP) 
  • Under JSY 53 benefited and under JSSK 95 families benefited. 
  • A district level Forum is formed in the year 2012 of likeminded CSOs of West Singhbhum named “West Singhbhum education and health Forum “ which looks up the issues and gaps of education and health in the society.  Language and pre- schooling gaps discussed and raised by the network. 
  • Community based organization associated with the district level forum that raised the issues related to community development focused on health and education. 
  • State level education Forum Namely JRTEF was formed to advocate the policy level gaps of implementation of RTE in Jharkhand. 
  • Media advocacy Meetings got organized in all five commissionary along with state level media advocacy meetings for the sensitization of media on the issue of health and education. 
  • TNMSC and its follow-up: As a follow-up of a workshop organized in March 2012 on Free Medicine an exposure visit organized in this year in the month of March 2013. Meeting organized with Managing Director of TNMSC and another meeting was organized with the senior medical officers at a medical college in Chennai. It was shared at Ranchi with state level government officials and representatives of CSO working on the issue of health. As a result the director, Jharkhand Medical services Corporation offered for making joint effort towards promotion of Free Medicine in the Jharkhand state. 
  • JRTEF organized state level assembly of SMC members and felicitated 48 members of SMC who did good works in their area. 
  • JRTEF had recently published a citizen charter of demand on RTE Act and submitted it to HRD minister Government of Jharkhand.

Case Study

“Supporting civil society movement towards right to free public health and education in Jharkhand” is a project supported by OXFAM India and is being implemented by SPAR. The project is being running in two blocks namely Anandpur and Mahoharpur of West Singhbhum of Jharkhand. The project is being implemented in 20 villages of two panchayat Kolpotka and Bedakenduda. Large portions of population are living in pathetic condition in remote villages of Jharkhand and also deprived from basic amenities like health and education. SPAR is striving to increase their awareness level so that they are able to avail their basic rights of health and education. Harinarayan Lohar and Rupa Lohar are resident of village Moreng which comes under Bedakenduda Panchayat of Anandpur block in West Singhbhum district. The main occupation of the family is work as a black smith and labour work. They are parents of three children (eldest one is 7 years, second one is 4 years and then third one is 2.5 years). Due to lack of awareness they were not sending their elder daughter Fulmani Lohar, 7 years old girl to school and engaged her in daily house hold cores and looking after siblings. Her parents used to say that we have enough iron related work to do at home which can help her learn as well earn livelihood in future so what is the need to go to a school. After knowing the case SPAR’s community advocate Ms. Kusum Kandayburu started talking with the parent and she also shared the same thing to Community mobilizer Ms. Padmini. It took almost one year of continuous effort to make the parent understand the need of education to a girl child. Ultimately the parents understood and agreed to enroll their daughter in the school in the village. Now along with girl (Fulmani) their parents are also very happy to see their daughter going to school and learning new things. Now their parents are saying they will enroll all their children when they will attain the age of schooling.