Integrated Development Foundation (IDF)

Project Theme

Disaster Risk Reduction

Target Group

Tribals

Project Period

01 Apr 2014 - 31 Mar 2015

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Introduction

Bihar is prone to multi-hazards like flood, earthquake, high wind velocity, cold wave as well as recurrent village fires in summer. Flood situation is most severe in the northern plains of Bihar. The problem is aggregated due to water-logging by poor drainage arrangements and embankments.

The selected blocks namely Gaighat, Karta, Meenapur and Aurai of Muzaffarpur district are highly prone to flood. Many rivers and their streams pass by through these blocks, which inundate the entire area with flood water. The population is very thick, more than 1000 person per square kilometer, and poverty is rampant. Farming, animal husbandry and allied activities are the main livelihood for more than 80 percent people of the area and flood water results in major setback for them. Due to unemployment, the seasonal migration is very high and men folks migrate to various destinations for wage employment.

Impact by partner
  • Last year intervention continued with the strengthening process of formed CBOs through inputs like meetings, orientations, trainings that maximized their efforts in achieving project out comes. The project witnessed several good initiatives of VLLSS that drew attention. This year the target group was found to be more focused in advocating challenging issues like restoring of electricity, safe drinking water, raising of homestead etc. Community involvement in village developmental initiatives was also more intensive than ever as CCP prioritized plans got plenty of space in gram sabha and ended with its completion.
  • During flood period, LSS members shown great maturity to deal with the emergency situation as their involvement in the activity like shifting victims to safer places, providing first aid and establishing linkages with line department for resources were prominently seen across the project areas. During reporting period all the LSA continued to provide services and assistance to the target community for availing different government sponsored social security schemes and proved instrumental in facilitating community to avail those schemes.
  • WASH promotional events also continued in all the 8 targeted schools that kept the momentum alive to establish better hygiene practice among school children. In many places school children came forward and took lead in the events like cleanliness drive and hand washing campaign. The concept of preparing 1% chlorine solution to purifying water also got popularized among community and got mass acceptance. This year frequent meetings with PRIs, ANMs, ASHA, and AWWs have also done well in enhancing their understanding on VHSC.
  • At community level also the events like construction of zero cost soak pit, repairing and raising of hand pumps, disposal of garbage were seen in our working villages. Capacity building of HP volunteer also proved very handy in reviving drinking water sources. IDF undertook repairing of hand pumps at 60 spots across all the villages. Four hand pumps were raised with model high platforms in the reasonably poor areas for ensuring safe drinking water for people even during emergencies, particularly flood.
  • This year members of swasthya dal also initiated slogan writing on hygiene promotion in many parts of the village to aware the community for better hygienic living. This year many of women group members also got employment for cooking of meal under mid day meal.

Case Study

Pulling Resources from Government Departments: A Story of Fighting Hard of A Women

In the village Karhar of Minapur block, a VLLSS member coming from OBC category namely Sikli Devi fought hard to manage tri cycle for her 11 year old physically challenged daughter from block office. Coming from very poor family Sikli Devi never thought of purchasing wheelchair (tricycle) for her daughter due to their financial limitations though it was essentially required.

During one of the group meeting Sikli Devi got the opportunity to learn about government schemes and provision related to physically challenged persons. In the meeting she also came to know about the process to leverage the benefit. After understanding the process Sikli Devi decided to explore ways out in order to get the benefits for her daughter. She expressed her desire with the concerning CLA who suggested her first to make disability certificate to get eligible for any such benefits. Sikli Devi then visited block office to know the details of certificate issuing and as per their guideline visited Sadar Hospital, Muzaffarpur to participate in the camp where her daughter was examined by the medical team constituted by the District Health department.

After having the certificate Sikli Devi started visiting Block office on regular basis with the expectation to get any type of assistance but due to fund unavailability the scheme was delayed for some time but this delay never let her down and she continued visiting the block office to get updated. In the month of July 14 her efforts paid off as she was informed by the block official that wheelchair for physically challenge people has been allotted to the block from district and after knowing this she immediately initiated the process and applied for tri cycle at block office that she got within 15 days that she proudly handed over to her daughter.

Making Public Distribution System Functional

In the recent time it has been seen that government is putting lots of efforts to ensure effective implementation of food security. Public Distribution System is one of them that provides quota of grains at lesser price to the families whom financial condition is poor. In the project design we are also addressing the issue of EFSVL and this year we have initiated to institutionalized Khadya Surksha Dal (KSD) in all the 20 targeted villages to address the issue of food security.

This case is of Village Asia in Gaighat block where KSD has recently formed and as a first assignment they conducted a FGD to review the implementation of the Public Distribution Schemes and by doing this they came to know about many of gaps that included denial of ration to the deprived families despite having the ration cards. During the course of FGD it came to notice that there are approx 30 families who could not get the ration of their quota despite having the ration card.

After knowing the fact the KSD team under the leadership of Mr. Pramod Patel made correspondence with the ADM (Food Security) over the telephone and discussed the matter in detailed. After knowing such irregularities the ADM immediately called an emergency meeting with all the dealer and block food supply inspector of Gaighat block and personally verified the complaint that was found to be true. After knowing the fact he immediately instructed the dealer to provide ration to all the 30 families for three months with immediate effects and in the month of September 2014 all the 30 families got the ration for three months and the concerning dealer apologized for his misconduct and promised not to do it again.