In India, over 60% of the Adivasis live within five kilometres of a forest.
Very poor and marginalised groups such as adivasis are dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods. This dependency is particularly intense for half of India’s 89 million Adivasis, the most disadvantaged section of society, who live in forest fringe areas.
Oxfam India's programme on Natural Resource Management (NRM) is aimed at increasing poor people's access & secure tenure rights to natural resources to support and augment their livelihood.
We do this by ensuring government accountability on implementing the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 for restoring the customary rights to forest land and control over forest resources especially for the tribal communities and build pressure for convergence of government schemes for these lands as well as empower communities with provisions to secure their rights against land alienation and diversion especially for mining leases.
A national level public hearing was held in 2013 along with other Adivasi networks and state level public hearings in Chhattisgarh and Odisha on FRA have been held in presence of concerned ministries to seek accountability.
In the Adivasi belt of poor states of Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand, Oxfam India works towards building each community’s ability to demand accountability from the government. We support them to claim tenure oriented security and the right to informed choices on land usage patterns, under an empowering Forest Rights Act.
Oxfam India is also part of the national and state-level networks and alliances that attempt to bring pro-poor policy reforms related to land acquisition rehabilitation and mining related legislations.
Along with our network and alliance partners, we lobbied with parliamentarians and the Standing Committee on the key asks and for the passage of ‘The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013’.
In Chhattisgarh, the first ever Community Forest Rights titles were recognized in our partner Chaupal's operational area of 38 villages covering an area of 16,963 hectares.